How do you care for diabetes? Diabetes care involves management, monitoring and control. This also involves diabetics becoming educated about self care.
First and foremost is monitoring the disease. There are many monitoring devices on the market and many companies that produce monitoring devices. These companies include a division of Bayer, Johnson and Johnson and many other smaller companies. Glucose daily monitoring is a diabetic’s first line of defense.
Next is managing the disease. Diabetics should have a primary care physician who they visit as often as advised and he or she will manage medications or insulin therapy as well as necessary lab tests. Diabetes will also need to watch their diets and there is great information on websites such as the American Diabetes Association on nutrient and diet control. There are also websites that have many of new and delicious recipes for diabetic management.
Diabetics will also need to learn all they can about foot health care. Diabetics have the most problems with their feet. This is caused by nerve damage in the feet and the narrowing of blood vessels in the legs. These two problems can cause a tiny cut to become extremely infected and lead to gangrene of the foot. Gangrene can lead to amputation of the foot or leg.
Proper foot self care includes regularly washing and inspecting feet. Carefully inspect feet for small cuts, breaks in the skin, blisters, corns or calluses. Corns or calluses should be treated by a physician or nursing staff. Small cuts should be treated with antibiotic ointments.
Those with diabetes are at a greater risk of gum disease also because of blood flow and excess blood sugar in the mouth. This can lead to gum infections so another important member of your team is your dentist. A diabetic should see their dentist every 6 months and your dentist should know that you have diabetes.
There are several areas that cause problems. One of these is the problem of dry mouth caused by decreased saliva. This can cause tooth decay, mouth ulcers and infections. Help for this problem can include chewing sugarless gum, having sugarless mints available, frequent sips of water or melting ice chips in the mouth.
Another major problem is gum disease commonly known as gingivitis and periodontitis. This is caused by fewer white blood cells to fight infections as well as the thickening of blood vessels which slows the flow of blood which carries nutrients to the mouth area and waste away from the mouth area. Gum disease is caused by infections of the gums so these can cause gum disease to be much more severe and harder to control in people who suffer with diabetes. Self care involves brushing at least twice daily as well as flossing daily.
Eye care is another area that diabetic’s need to take care of. Diabetic retinopathy can develop which can lead to bad vision and even blindness. This is because the blood vessels in the back of the eyes get weak and can lead to blood and fluid leaking into the retina from these weakened blood vessels. So, it is important for the diabetic to have regular eye exams to have the blood vessels in the eye examined.
How do you care for diabetes? Everyday care with diabetes involves management, monitoring and control. This involves diabetics becoming educated about self care.
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