complications symptoms of diabetes

Diabetes can be defined as a metabolic malfunction as the body fails to produce or properly utilize the insulin produced by the pancreas. Insulin is essential for the conversion of glucose into energy. A constant high level of glucose in the bloodstream is a potential threat to human existence if it is not detected and controlled in its early stages. The presence of an unwanted level of glucose in the blood brings about slow destruction to the nerves, eyes, kidneys and heart. Sores and wounds do not heal in a hurry which may even lead to gangrene, and amputations. As the saying goes one thing leads to another the same can be said about diabetes.

This malfunction triggers off a series of alterations in the human body, all with a downward curve. If not handled carefully by the diabetic the complications get beyond control. Categorically, diabetes is of three types namely Type 1, Type 2 and Gestational Diabetes. Type 1 and Type 2 impact a person’s carefree life severely. Here, when the breakdown of the glucose is completely stopped the dear human body uses fat and protein for the production of energy. This result in symptoms like polyphegia, polyuria, polydipsia and a remarkable weight loss can be observed in a diabetic. If there is anything you can give a diabetic its encouragement and motivation not sympathy. These types of diabetes in question as of now are connected with long term complications. Adult blindness is another major concern as well as end stage kidney disease. Diabetics are at a high risk of contracting heart diseases and are more prone to strokes. Nerve damage leads to amputations.

The Gestational type of diabetes prevalent in pregnant women complicates the pregnancy and affects the fetus adversely. Most likely the fetus will be born with some kind of birth deformity or the other. Though this type of diabetes is treatable it takes its toll on the mother to be. The infant is also at risk of developing Type 2 diabetes at a later stage in life. On many occasions this type of diabetes goes away once the baby takes birth. In the mean time the mother needs to take care by altering her diet, exercise routine and medications.

Due to high blood sugar levels there is instability of hormones, blood vessels and nerves that sets in. As these changes become permanent a set of steady symptoms indicate serious diabetes complications. Renal disease shows signs of swelling in the feet that gradually spreads all over the body and the blood pressure increases. Another symptom is you either sweat too much or too little, have difficulty in sensing when your bladder is full, weakness and increased sexual problems. Chest pain and shortness of breath accompanied by a fast heartbeat, symptoms of a heart attack may not be present until in the process of having one. Diabetic retinopathy is pain in the eyes and may even result in blindness. A diabetic may even experience burning, tingling, tightness, numbness, shooting or stabbing pain in feet, hands or other body parts especially in the nights. Digestive problems are a possibility in case the nerves controlling the internal organs get damaged. Whatever the symptom it should never be taken lightly or ignored, medical help must be sought immediately.

It has been a pleasure walking you through this avenue and it is my sincere advice to you no matter how foreboding it is; remember every cloud has a silver lining. Never give up, never give in.

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