understand signs of gestational diabetes.

Diabetes may develop during pregnancy even in those women who haven’t previously been affected by diabetes. This type of diabetes is gestational diabetes. Diabetes is a condition where your blood sugar levels are high as the body does not produce enough of insulin. Insulin is a hormone that enables your body to break down sugar in your blood to be used as energy. The signs of gestational diabetes must be known so that your baby is not exposed to unknown risks and you may seek immediate medical attention.

Although you may not have had diabetes of Type I or Type II earlier in life you always have the risk of developing gestational diabetes. During pregnancy when your hormones make it tougher for your body to use insulin the pancreas start producing more of it to cope with the changes. However, when the extra insulin required by your body during the period is not built up gestational diabetes develops. It usually begins in the second half of the pregnancy and may go away after the birth of the baby. However, if it does not go away after delivery of the baby you may have already had it and it just picked up during pregnancy.

There are not many symptoms of gestational diabetes that can help you notice it very early. However, you may find symptoms of high sugar levels like increased thirst and hunger, frequent urination and tiredness. A growling stomach is not a strange thing during pregnancy. However extreme feelings of tiredness may be warning symptoms of future problems. Women have an increased liquid intake and may find increased urinary output a common complaint but again if you are visiting the bathroom too often then you need to be aware and have a checkup done for gestational diabetes. Other symptoms include excess weight gain and blurring of vision. If during the pregnancy period you feel you are suffering from any of these symptoms then its best to visit your obstetrician. Tests can be conducted to see whether or not you have gestational diabetes.

Not all women are likely to develop gestational diabetes. However, if you are overweight or are over the age of 30 the risk always exists. About 1 in 25 pregnant women may be affected by gestational diabetes. It is not an immediate threat to your health. There are some problems like premature labor, pre-eclampsia a condition caused due to high blood pressure and existence of too much of amniotic fluids amongst many other things. It also increases the risk of gestational diabetes during future pregnancies as well as type II diabetes later in life.

If you have a high blood sugar level your baby may grow larger making a caesarean delivery necessary. As far as your baby is concerned the main concern is the risk of jaundice to the newborn baby. However, this isn’t serious and goes without medical treatment. The baby may also have low blood sugar levels after birth as your baby makes extra insulin to respond to your high sugar levels. Regular normal feeding may be enough to correct your baby’s low blood sugar. There is also an increased risk of congenital problems such as heart defects and respiratory distress syndrome which may require extra care to be taken.

A balanced and healthy diet can reduce the risk of getting type II diabetes later. Regular exercises and maintaining correct weight with balanced diet are key to a healthy life after pregnancy.

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