If you are afflicted with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, you should stay aware of the fact your feet need special care since some of the long-term effects of diabetes are nerve damage and decreased blood flow. While you can check your hands on a regular basis, do not ignore your feet since if you do not take special care, then you might just end up with a diabetic foot.
The excess blood sugar levels in your body will affect blood circulation in your body. This combination of low circulation and nerve damage might lead to tingling or numbness in your hands and feet. If the soles of your feet have slowly become numb, then you might not feel any cut or even any penetration made by a sharp object such as a nail. This could lead to infection in the foot, which could be difficult to treat since peripheral vascular disease, which is another term for your poor blood flow also inhibits faster healing of wounds in diabetics. Also, if your footwear is not right, then you might end up with foot ulcers that might go unnoticed until they become quite large due to your inability to feel any pain.
Severe infections might also lead to dry or wet gangrene and could reach right up to the bones in addition to infecting the various layers of skin. If the problems are too severe, then the surgeon might have to amputate your foot. Hence it is vital that you take proper care of your foot as soon as you realize that you are diabetic. You should initiate some routines into your daily life to avoid any problems in your feet or to catch any problem related to your feet before it spirals out of control.
The first action that you should take is to get good quality, soft and breathable shoes that can prevent your feet from getting too hot or sweaty since this will inhibit the growth of bacteria. Make it a point to wear house slippers at home too and wear proper shoes when going out of the house. In addition, you should also check the soles of your slippers and shoes from outside as well as inside by running your hand over them on a daily basis. This will enable you to find out if there are any nails or other sharp objects embedded in them. You should also run your hand on the soles of your feet to check for cuts, bruises or punctures. You should also stay hydrated since this will prevent your skin from becoming too dry.
Another tip is to apply medicated cream or powder on your feet regularly so that they stay safe from any infections. Remember to check between all your toes and ensure that you dust off all the powder between them before wearing your shoes. Wear washed and clean socks only and if you do notice any ulcer or cut, take adequate treatment immediately so that any problem related to your diabetic foot do not get out of hand.
A diabetic foot is an ugly reality of long-term diabetes. But with regular care and protection, you can prevent your feet from getting cuts or ulcers. Do not ignore your feet even if there is slight loss of feeling since you might have to pay a heavy price for doing so.
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