Neurogenic diabetes insipidus is rare and occurs when the kidneys are unable to save water, which in turn leads to frequent urinations and extreme thirst especially for ice water. Diabetes insipidus is often called “water” diabetes.
This occurs when the kidneys are performing their normal duties of filtrating blood. The retaining of water in the kidneys is controlled by an antidiuretic hormone (ADH) called vasopressin. This hormone is produced in the part of the brain called the hypothalamus and controlled by the pituitary gland which is a small gland located at the base of the brain.
Neurogenic diabetes insipidus occurs when the kidneys are unable to recognized or be controlled by ADH. This occurs because of the destruction of the back part of the pituitary gland. This is a type of central diabetes insipidus which is caused by damage to the pituitary gland or hypothalamus because of infection, brain surgery, tumor or cancers that have spread to the pituitary, head injury or excessive use of alcohol. This is called central diabetes insipidus because the area that controls ADH is where the problem lies. Neurogenic diabetes insipidus is usually permanent but the symptoms can be controlled with vasopressin either as a nasal spray or oral tablets.
Complications of both types of diabetes insipidus can be caused by dehydration which causes dry skin, fever, weight loss and rapid heart beat. Another complication is electrolyte imbalance which causes fatigue, irritability, headaches and muscle pains. If you develop any of the symptoms or complications that are related to diabetes insipidus, you should meet with your primary care physician as quickly as possible.
There is currently no way to prevent forms of diabetes insipidus but the prognosis when diagnosed and treated early is good when the underlying reason for this problem is identified and corrected.
Neurogenic diabetes insipidus is rare and occurs when the kidneys are unable to save water, which in turn leads to frequent urinations and extreme thirst.
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