How do you get diabetes insipidus? Diabetes insipidus is caused when the kidneys are unable to save water, which in turn leads to frequent urinations and extreme thirst. It is a condition that is not common and occurs when the kidneys are performing their normal duties of filtrating blood.
The retaining of water in the kidneys is controlled by an antidiuretic hormone (ADH) called vasopressin. This hormone is produced in the part of the brain called the hypothalamus and controlled by the pituitary gland which is a very small gland located at the base of the brain.
Diabetes insipidus can be caused by damage to the pituitary gland or hypothalamus because of infection, surgery, tumor, or head injury. This is called central diabetes insipidus because the area that controls the retaining of water is where the problem lies. Central diabetes insipidus is the most common type of diabetes insipidus. In treating central diabetes insipidus, the underlying cause must be treated. Symptoms of central diabetes insipidus are usually controlled with vasopressin either as a nasal spray or oral tablets.
When diabetes insipidus is caused by the inability of kidneys to react to antidiuretic hormone or ADH, it is known as nephrogenic diabetes insipidus and is caused by a problem based usually with the kidneys. This commonly occurs because of a problem caused by something else such as blockage in the urinary tract, use of certain medications, or by high levels of calcium, or low levels of potassium. Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus is an extremely rare form of diabetes. When the cause of this form of diabetes insipidus is identified and corrected, the disease usually clears up. Medications used as treatment for nephrogenic diabetes insipidus include anti-inflammatory medications such as indomethacin and diuretics such as amiloride and hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ).
There can be complications from either type of diabetes insipidus caused by dehydration which causes dry skin, fever, weight loss and rapid heart beat. There can also be electrolyte imbalances which cause fatigue, irritability, headaches and muscle pains. If you develop any of the symptoms or complications that can be related to either type of diabetes insipidus, you should meet with your primary care physician as quickly as possible.
There is currently no way to prevent diabetes insipidus but the prognosis when diagnosed early is good when the underlying reason for this problem is identified and corrected. The most important part of the treatment process is restoring the balance of water and fluids.
How do you get diabetes insipidus? Diabetes insipidus is caused when the kidneys are unable to save water, which in turn leads to frequent urinations and extreme thirst.
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