If you are diabetic patient then there are two things you have to remember. First, is your diet and second proper medications. Without a proper diet medicines do not work. Hence, in the case of diabetes, diet is as important as medicines.
Diet is nothing but choosing healthy foods. You do not have to restrict yourself. All you need to do is select proper food in proper amounts. You need carbohydrates, proteins and fats to get energy. The sources of carbohydrate are starches, vegetables, fruits, dairy products and sugars. Choose correct amount of these carbohydrate sources and you will be able to manage your blood glucose levels effectively. Carbohydrates have a direct impact on the blood glucose level, whereas proteins and fat have no or little impact. Diabetic patients especially those who take insulin should eat consistent amount of carbohydrate; this helps to control blood glucose level. How do you calculate carbohydrates? Well, there are several ways to calculate contents of a meal some of them include carbohydrate counting and exchange planning.
Usually your dietitian knows about your eating habits, body weight, medication (pills or insulin) and activity level. This helps them to determine the number of carbohydrates needed at each meal and snack. The number of carbohydrates in a food can be determined by reading the nutrition label on food products or you can refer to books or websites.
The American Diabetes Association currently recommends carbohydrate counting as the best way to control blood glucose levels. Once you restrict carbohydrate intake it automatically controls your calories.
The 2000 calorie diet is based on 50% carbohydrate, 20% protein and 30% fat.
In a typical 2000 calorie diet menu your breakfast can include ¾ cup unsweetened cereal, 8 ounces skim milk, 1 slice whole-grain toast, 1 tablespoon peanut butter, ½ grapefruit and tea or coffee.
For lunch you can have 1 cup romaine lettuce, ½ cup shredded carrots, ¼ cup sliced tomatoes and cucumbers, 2 ounces grilled chicken, 2 tablespoons low-fat dressing, 1 whole wheat pita, 8 ounces skim milk and 1 small apple.
For dinner you can include 4 ounces baked salmon, 1 cup brown rice, ½ cup steamed broccoli, ½ cup zucchini, 1 ¼ cup strawberries, 2 tablespoons light or fat-free whipped topping and mineral water. In snack you can include 6 ounces low-fat yogurt and 3 grams crackers or 1 cup cubed cantaloupe and ½ granola bar.
When you calculate carbohydrates in your meal you should consider the serving size and grams of fiber. When you eat more than one serving, it increases number of calories consumed and thus you need more insulin. For example consider one packaged snack which contains 2 or more servings then carbohydrate content of that package will be a multiplication of the number of serving and the number of carbohydrates.
In insulin dose calculation consider number of carbohydrates then subtract the grams of fiber from the grams of carbohydrates. An insulin-to-carbohydrate ratio is determined by a dietitian or diabetic doctor. If the insulin-to-carbohydrate ratio is 1 to 10 it means that the person would require 1 unit of insulin for every 10 grams of carbohydrate consumed.
The American diabetes association 2000 calorie diet is an effective way of controlling your diabetes and managing your weight.
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