Diabetes health care involves many aspects including management, monitoring and control.

Diabetes health care involves many aspects including management, monitoring and control.

First and perhaps most important is monitoring this disease. There are many monitoring devices on the market and many companies that produce monitoring devices. Many of these companies will provide a free monitor for a newly diagnosed diabetic. Daily glucose monitoring is a diabetic’s first line of defense.

Next is managing the disease. A diabetic patient should have a primary care physician who they see as often as advised and he or she will manage their medications or insulin therapy as well as necessary lab tests. A diabetic patient will also need to watch their diet and there is great information on websites such as the American Diabetes Association on nutrition and diet control. There are also websites that have many new and delicious recipes for diabetic management.

The patient will also need to learn all they can about foot health care. Diabetics have the most problems with their feet. This is caused by nerve damage in the feet and the narrowing of blood vessels in the legs. These two problems can cause a tiny cut to become extremely infected and lead to gangrene of the foot. Gangrene can lead to amputation of the foot or leg. But the good news is that all these problems can be prevented.

If a patient has nerve damage in a foot, they might not be able to tell when they have a small cut or skin damage and an infection could start before it is even noticed. And with poor circulation, when there is a cut or any damage, there is not enough blood flowing to the foot to fight the infection.

If a diabetic have toes or feet that are blue or pale – this is a symptom of poor circulation. And if they feel numbness or tingling in your toes or feet, this is a symptom of nerve damage. If a diabetic has any of these symptoms they should talk with their primary care physician immediately.

Next is proper foot care. This includes regularly washing and inspecting feet, carefully inspecting feet for small cuts, breaks in the skin, blisters, corns or calluses. Corns or calluses should be treated by a physician or nursing staff. Small cuts should be treated with antibiotic ointments.

It is extremely important to keep toe nails properly trimmed to avoid ingrown toenails as this can also be a source of infection or foot problems.

If a patient notices that a foot feels hot, is red or if they are running a fever, it is extremely important for a diabetic to get to their doctor as soon as possible. Infections in the foot can get worse quickly and gangrene can develop quickly also. So, for diabetics, these foot care tips are especially important.

Diabetics will also need to have regular eye exams to check the tiny blood vessels in the back of the eye. Because these tiny vessels can also narrow, a diabetic can have eye problems.

If a diabetic patient smokes, they should stop, as smoking prevents proper blood circulation. If you don’t smoke, don’t start. Smoking is not only bad for diabetics but is a bad lifestyle habit for everyone.

Diabetes health care involves many aspects which include management, monitoring and control.

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