Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition, which was once known as adult-onset or non-insulin-dependent diabetes. Your body’s main source of fuel is affected by the way your body metabolizes sugar (glucose). Type 2 diabetes mellitus is often preventable, but due to the rise in obesity it is on rise. When you have type 2 diabetes the effects of insulin is nullified by your body. To maintain normal glucose level insulin is required. Sometimes the insulin produced by your body is not enough and hence you need to stimulate insulin production with exercise, weight loss, and medications. The absorption of sugar into your cells is regulated by the hormone ‘insulin’. The consequences of type 2 diabetes can be life-threatening if you do not control it. But for managing it you can do plenty to prevent the condition from spiraling out of control. You can start by maintaining a healthy weight, eating healthy foods, and including physical activity in your daily routine. Insulin therapy or diabetic medications are needed if exercise and diet are not enough.
At first Type 2 diabetes symptoms may seem harmless. In fact, you will not even know that you have type 2 diabetes mellitus for years. The symptoms of type 2 diabetes mellitus are: Slow-healing sores or frequent infections; Blurred vision; Extreme hunger; Weight loss; Fatigue; Increased thirst and frequent urination. Certain risk factors for type 2 diabetes mellitus are: Family history; Race; Weight; Inactivity and Gestational diabetes. To screen for type 2 diabetes mellitus various blood tests can be used such as: Random blood sugar test; Fasting blood sugar test and Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test.
Particularly, in the early stages of type 2 diabetes mellitus when you are feeling fine it it is ignored. But many major organs including your blood vessels, nerves, heart, kidneys and eyes can be affected by type 2 diabetes. You can actually lessen the risk of these problems by keeping your blood sugar level close to normal most of the time. The short-term and long-term complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus are: High blood sugar (hyperglycemia); Diabetic ketoacidosis; Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia); Heart and blood vessel disease; Nerve damage (neuropathy); Kidney damage (nephropathy); Eye damage; Foot damage; Skin and mouth conditions; Osteoporosis and Alzheimer’s disease.
The treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus includes regular blood sugar monitoring, regular exercise, healthy eating and sometimes diabetes medications or insulin therapy. In fact, you can lower the menace of diabetes-related heart attacks and strokes by more than 50 percent, just by strict management of blood sugar levels.
Your treatment plan will comprise of: Monitoring your blood sugar; eating balanced food, increased physical activity, medications, prompt treatment of other illness, abstinence from alcohol, stress management, and avoiding fluctuations in hormone levels
Above all, you will have to stay positive. Diabetes is a serious disease but it can be managed.