Diabetes is among the most complicated diseases and there are growing numbers of diabetics around the world. Type I and Type II diabetes are the most common forms. Type I diabetes also called as juvenile diabetes is similar to Type II diabetes but is caused by different bodily malfunctions. It affects children in childhood or early adulthood. Juvenile diabetes has a quick onset and may have serious consequences if left untreated. It is very important to understand the signs of juvenile diabetes so that the right treatment may be provided.
As of now, juvenile diabetes is considered as incurable auto immune disease though treatable to some extent. It is caused as the body attacks innocent insulin producing cells in the pancreas called as beta cells. It is mostly diagnosed among children, teenagers and young adults. The amount of glucose in the body is at a correct level but there is a lack of insulin that carries glucose throughout the blood stream. This leads to body being unable to fuel and begin to waste away.
The initial signs of juvenile diabetes are similar to Type II diabetes. The most noticeable is the increase in urination. Though the body produces glucose the lack of insulin to transport it to the appropriate cells causes it to be amassed. Kidneys attempt to resolve the problem by getting rid of the extra sugar which in turn leads to frequent urge to urinate. The increase in thirst is one more symptom that is often related to the constant flushing out of fluids from body that the child may drink.
Moreover children suffering from juvenile diabetes are often constantly hungry even though they eat a lot. This is mainly due to the lack of conversion of body’s fuel source, glucose. Another very obvious symptom is the significant amount of weight loss. Though type II diabetics tend to be overweight, effects of type I diabetes are exactly opposite. As the child does not receive any fuel in form of glucose there is no fat accumulation in body. Though his appetite is monstrously high the weight drop is highly disproportionate. This is a very distinct warning sign of juvenile diabetes.
Other symptoms that may be present include fatigue, dizziness, nausea, headache, confusion, bed wetting, a peculiar fruity odor to the breath and absence of menstruation in girls. Parents need to be concerned if the child never initially wet the bed and has begun to do so of late and that too frequently.
The exact cause of juvenile diabetes is not clearly understood. It is believed that Type I diabetes is a result of a person’s immune system being genetically predisposed to develop an aggressive autoimmune response against altered pancreatic B antigens i.e. proteins or molecules resembling viral protein. It is not related to obesity or excessive consumption of sugar. The risk of juvenile diabetes is higher than other chronic diseases of childhood. It may be hereditary and there is a possibility that brothers and sisters of a child have a high risk of developing juvenile diabetes.
Parents should consult their doctors and have laboratory tests conducted if they notice any of these warning signs. The treatment mostly involving a balanced diet, insulin, exercises and a regular monitoring of blood glucose for juvenile diabetes can begin on time and keep the child in better health.
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