diabetes mellitus type 2 treatment

Treatment for type 2 diabetes are basically for the reduction of blood glucose level and bring it back to near normal. The treatment also includes medications for reducing the risks of diabetes like heart conditions and other complications. Treatment also includes diet management, self care and lifestyle adjustments. When the pancreas does not produce sufficient amount of the hormone insulin, or when the insulin is not utilized properly by the body diabetes is said to occur. Body’s inability to use insulin is called as insulin resistance. When either blood sugar or insulin is present in high amount in the blood the body is at risk of developing severe complications.

The treatment objectives are simple; keep the blood glucose near normal. To keep the long term effects of diabetes like kidney failure, heart attack, blindness it is important to manage and monitor blood glucose level.

Cardiovascular or heart disease is the most common long term effect of diabetes mellitus type 2. This can result in angina (chest pain), heart attack (myocardial infraction) both can be fatal. The risk of developing cardiovascular problems can be effectively reduced by diet, low dose of aspirin daily, managing blood pressure, cholesterol and by exercising. Giving up smoking and other forms of nicotine addiction also reduces the risk of complications. If left untreated diabetes causes kidney disease, nerve damage, eye problems that can lead to blindness, slow healing foot ulcers, and also impotence in men. In severe cases amputation is required as the blood vessels get damaged in the lower extremity.

Diabetes remains the biggest cause of kidney failure in the US and all over the world. The main factors that cause diabetes mellitus type 2 are obesity, blood pressure and the body’s inability to produce and react to insulin. Blood glucose level can be controlled by exercises and this also improves the body’s sensitivity to insulin. Exercising is the best form and even two or three days a week can significantly reduce the risks. Complicated diseases, hospital visits, costly medications, and constant monitoring of blood glucose can be avoided if you take regular exercise. In fact all associated sufferings can be eliminated if you lead a healthy and active life.

Awareness plays a key role in the treatment of diabetes mellitus type 2. Patients should have a honest dialogue with their health care providers. Lifestyle changes are easier said than done, however, the family of diabetic can play an important role here. Most often patients suffering from diabetes feel that the lifestyle changes are not worth the effort and at such times counseling and moral support of the family is very important. Friends and family members should motivate the patient to regularly check blood glucose levels and take timely medications. Encouraging patients to have a healthy diet and leading a active life also go a long way in treating diabetes.

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