Central diabetes insipidus is the most common form of diabetes insipidus.

Central diabetes insipidus is the most common form of diabetes insipidus. The other form is called nephrogenic diabetes insipidus. Treatment of diabetes insipidus depends on the cause of the insipidus diabetes. Diabetes insipidus is an uncommon form of diabetes.

Diabetes insipidus is caused when the kidneys have no ability to save water, which in turn leads to frequent urination and extreme thirst. It is a condition that is not common and occurs when the kidneys are performing their normal duties of filtrating blood. The retaining of water in the kidneys is controlled by an antidiuretic hormone (ADH) commonly called vasopressin. This hormone is produced in the part of the brain called the hypothalamus and controlled by the pituitary gland which is a very small gland located at the base of the brain.

There can be several causes for this type of diabetes. When diabetes insipidus is caused by the inability of the kidneys to respond to antidiuretic hormone or ADH, it is known as nephrogenic diabetes insipidus and is caused by a problem based usually with the kidneys. If it is caused by damage to the pituitary gland or hypothalamus because of infection, surgery, tumor, or head injury, it is called control diabetes insipidus because the area that controls the retaining of fluid is where the problem lies. Central diabetes insipidus is the most common type of diabetes insipidus.

Central diabetes insipidus is usually controlled with vasopressin either as a nasal spray or oral tablets. With nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, the cause is usually some medication that the person is on and is commonly controlled when that medication is stopped. Hereditary nephrogenic diabetes insipidus is treated with fluid intake that matches urine output and medication to lower urine output. Medications used to treat nephrogenic diabetes insipidus include anti-inflammatory medication indomethacin and diuretics such as amiloride and hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ).

Complications of diabetes insipidus can be caused by dehydration which causes dry skin, fever, weight loss and rapid heart beat and electrolyte imbalance which causes fatigue, irritability, headaches and muscle pains. If you develop any of the symptoms or complications that are related to diabetes insipidus, you should meet with your primary care physician as quickly as possible.

Prognosis for those with diabetes insipidus is good when the underlying cause is treated quickly and life expectancy with diabetes insipidus is good.

Central diabetes insipidus is the most common form of diabetes insipidus. The other form is called nephrogenic diabetes insipidus. Treatment of diabetes insipidus depends on the cause of the insipidus diabetes. Diabetes insipidus is an uncommon form of diabetes.

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