How does diabetes affect the feet? This is a question that people with diabetes ask and is an extreme area of concern for diabetics. This is one of the areas of management that a diabetic must be educated on after first becoming newly diagnosed.
Diabetics have the most problems with their feet. This is because of nerve damage in the feet and the narrowing of blood vessels in the legs. These two problems can cause a tiny cut to become extremely infected and lead to gangrene of the foot. Gangrene can lead to amputation of the foot or leg.
If a patient has nerve damage in a foot, they can not be able to tell when they have a small cut or skin damage and an infection could start before it is even noticed. And with poor circulation, when there is a cut or any damage, there is insufficient blood flowing to the foot to fight the infection.
If a diabetic have toes or feet that are blue or pale – these are symptoms of poor circulation. And if a diabetic feels numbness or tingling in their toes or feet, this is a symptom of nerve damage. If a diabetic has any of these symptoms they should talk with their primary care physician immediately.
Prevention is the best way to avoid foot problems. Proper foot care is a daily need and a method of prevention. This includes regularly washing and inspecting feet. Carefully inspect the feet for small cuts, breaks in the skin, blisters, corns or calluses. Corns or calluses should be treated by a diabetic’s physician or nursing staff. Small cuts should be treated with antibiotic ointments. It is also extremely important to dry the feet completely especially between the toes as moisture is a breeding ground for fungus and other infections. It is extremely important to keep toe nails properly trimmed to avoid ingrown toenails as this can also be a source of infection or foot problems. Diabetics should never go bare footed.
If a diabetic notices that a foot feels hot, is red or if they are running a fever, it is extremely important for them to get to their doctor as soon as possible. Infections in the foot can get worse quickly and gangrene can develop quickly also.
DiabEase™ skin care products is a line of skin products that are recommended for people living with diabetes. This line of products contain all natural ingredients including minerals from the Dead Sea which stimulates circulation and softens dry or cracked skin on the feet, antiseptic tea tree which provides a barrier to protect skin from impurity, and urea which is part of the body’s natural exfoliation process.
Some of the products in this line are Foot Therapy Cream, Callus Cream, Foot Scrub Cream, Foot Therapy Soaking Salts and other creams and lotions for proper care of feet. They also have several gift baskets for Christmas or birthday gift giving.
How does diabetes affect the feet and how can it be prevented? The best method of prevention is daily monitoring of blood glucose levels and managing this level as well as daily proper foot care.
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