The American Diabetes Association Inc. provides information on medications, diets, along with the latest developments in the field of medicine relating to diabetes. The association’s mission is improving the lives of all diabetic people. To achieve this mission the association helps by providing updated information on the risk factors associated with diabetes, the prevention of the disease and necessary steps to be taken when diagnosed.
If you are a diabetic then diet is a part of your treatment. With the help of American diabetes association Inc diet you can plan your diet. However, there are several questions that crowd your mind when you start to plan a diet. You typically want to know what to eat, how much to eat, and when to eat? In addition, you have to take care of the carbohydrate intake and its effect on glucose and insulin levels.
In any meal planning counting the carbohydrates in the food is important. Another more important factor is the glycemic index of the foods you eat. The glycemic index, or GI, measures how a carbohydrate containing food raises the blood glucose level. A food with a high GI raises blood glucose more than foods with a low or medium GI. The American diabetes association inc. recommends that you choose foods that have a low or medium GI. Some examples of food with a low GI include all non starchy vegetables, dried beans, legumes, most fruits and whole grain breads and cereals. Meats and fats don’t have a GI because they do not contain carbohydrate.
Most people believe that cooked or processed foods contain high GI but this is incorrect. Foods such as ripe fruits or vegetables have higher GI. GI also depends on how long a food is cooked. Processed foods like juices have a higher GI than whole fruits. Mashed potato has a higher GI than baked potato and also whole wheat bread has high GI than stone ground whole wheat bread.
However, it is not necessary to eat low GI foods all the time. You can combine high GI food with other low GI foods to balance out the effect on blood glucose levels.
The GI value only represents the type of carbohydrate not the amount of carbohydrates in a particular food. For calculating the carbohydrate in a particular food you have to use the carbohydrate counting method.
The common belief is that if you have diabetes then you can’t eat sweets. But ADA concedes that people with diabetes can eat sweets and still keep their blood glucose level within normal range. American diabetes association advises to substitute small portion of sweets for other carb-containing foods in your meal and snacks.
Carb containing foods are bread, rice, cereal, fruit, juice, milk, corn and peas. To include sweets in your meal, you can cut the other carb foods. First identify the carb foods in your meal then swap equal amount of carbohydrates with your favorite sweet. Only thing you have to maintain is the balance of carb intake.
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