Infection diabetes control is an extremely important part of diabetic control. Diabetes causes the narrowing of the walls of blood vessels because of the thickening of the walls. This interferes with the blood circulation system and causes infections of any type to be slow to heal.
Diabetics seem to have the most problems with their feet. This is due to nerve damage in the feet and the narrowing of blood vessels in the legs. These two problems can cause a tiny cut to become extremely infected and lead to gangrene of the foot. Gangrene can lead to amputation of the foot or leg.
If a patient has nerve damage in a foot, they might not be able to tell when they have a small cut or skin damage and an infection could start before it is even noticed. And with poor circulation, when there is a cut or any damage, there is not enough blood flowing to the foot to fight the infection.
Diabetic foot ulcers are open wounds or sores that can develop on the bottom of the feet. Approximately 5 to 6 percent of diabetics who develop these foot ulcers will need to be hospitalized because of infections. Up to 25 percent of these patients will eventually need amputation.
Another area of concern for infections for diabetics is teeth and gums. Because of the problems with blood sugar, diabetics have a higher than normal amount of dental care problems. This is because the diabetes when not under control reduces the number of white blood cells to fight infections in the mouth.
Another major problem with infection is with gum disease commonly known as gingivitis and periodontitis. This is caused by fewer white blood cells to fight infections as well as the thickening of blood vessels which slows the flow of blood which carries nutrients to the mouth and waste away from the mouth area. Gum disease is caused by infections of the gums so these can cause gum disease to be much more severe and harder to control in people who suffer with diabetes. Self care involves brushing at least twice daily as well as flossing daily.
Any organ of the body for a person with diabetes, when infected, is harder to control the infection – whether this is the skin, gums, kidneys, legs or feet. This problem with the blood vessels and blood circulation affects every organ and that is why this disease is so dangerous.
Infection diabetes control is an extremely important part of diabetic control.
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