sample diet for gestational diabetes

a sample diet for gestational diabetes is a crucial part of a meal plan specifically made for a pregnant woman suffering from gestational diabetes, a disease leading to unsafe blood sugar levels, and is meant for effectively controlling her blood sugar through diet regulation. In many cases diet regulation alone does not prove sufficient for controlling the patient’s high blood sugar level and insulin injections are given as a supplementary sugar control measure. Mild form of physical exercise is also recommended along with diet regulation and insulin for achieving proper results. Control of blood sugar is vital for the health of the patient and also for that of the unborn baby that is undergoing development in the mother’s womb.

By following a diabetic menu meant for a patient of gestational diabetes a pregnant woman ensures that she is taking enough nutrition of the right kind that is beneficial for her health and for the growing fetus without causing an overload of blood glucose in her body during her pregnancy. A proper diet ensures that a woman suffering from gestational diabetes receives the number of calories ideal for her to be in good health which includes the best nutrition to be available for the baby too as the baby receives its nutrition from the mother. If the baby receives inadequate nutrition it may be underweight at the time of birth and may not have sufficient calorie reserves that can help in fighting illnesses during its first year after birth.

A careful look at the sample diet for gestational diabetes will show that it takes care to avoid certain food groups. At the top are sweets, corn syrup, desserts, honey, sugar, white rice and other foodstuff that contains glucose, sucrose or fructose. It also aims at restricting carbohydrate intake as carbohydrates breaks down in the digestive system to form glucose. However, ideally about 50 to 60 percent of the calories in the diet for a gestational diabetes patient should come from carbohydrates. Therefore, the meal plan is designed in a way that includes food from the right food groups in quantities that provide the ideal number of carbohydrate calories in each meal.

Another very important aspect of the diet meant for gestational diabetes patients is that food containing high fat or sodium is avoided. This is because diabetes is a precursor of heart disease. Eating a large amount of fat and sodium is not good for heart health and greatly increases the risk of getting heart disease. You have to be extra careful about this when you have gestational diabetes as not only your own but the life and health of your baby is also at risk.

The sample diet for gestational diabetes contains whole grain breads, and fiber rich food containing starches and complex carbohydrates that are slow digesting. They also increase the blood glucose level steadily. These include fruits like bananas, apples, oranges, grapefruit, mangoes and vegetables like beans, carrots, tomatoes, broccoli, spinach, cabbages etc. that are also rich in minerals, nutrients and vitamins so necessary especially for pregnant women. Milk, yogurt, meat, fish, poultry in balanced quantities are also important parts of a sample diet for gestational diabetes.

to ensure your baby’s good health-take recommended diet for gestational diabetes

Adhering to a recommended diet for gestational diabetes is very difficult for a woman accustomed to eating whatever appeals to her without having to worry about rising blood sugar levels. However, when you suffer from gestational diabetes you need to change your dietary pattern if you wish to remain healthy in everyday life and also provide the baby in your womb with the best nutrition possible to help its healthy growth.

It is therefore very important to seek the right advice to be able to know what and how much to eat when you have gestational diabetes in order to control your blood glucose level. For this you need to see a registered dietician who is the right person for preparing a proper menu for your meals covering your period of pregnancy. Recommended diet for gestational diabetes will make it easy for you to choose from food that is good for you and for your baby as well. The diet plan needs to be designed by a specialist because it can be prepared only after scientific consideration of a number of factors like your height, weight, daily activities, current blood sugar levels, your food preferences as also knowledge of calorific content of various food items. Your dietician is definitely the right person for this specialized job and will chart out a suitable meal plan for you.

Recommended diet for gestational diabetes is your first step in controlling your blood glucose without taking the help of medication. It is necessary to understand that whatever you eat has a direct influence on your blood sugar level. Therefore you need to eat what is right in your condition and eat the right quantity also. Even the right type of food if eaten in excessive amounts can raise your blood sugar and cause harm to your health and your baby’s health as well. Life and health are precious and need to be protected.

However, you must remember that you do not have to eat for two people when you are pregnant and are suffering from gestational diabetes. You just have to eat a proper diet that provides you with proper nutrition containing about 2000 calories everyday without throwing your blood glucose level out of gear. From the second trimester onwards you will need an additional 200 to 300 calories for optimal weight gain desirable for providing your developing baby with the best nutrition for its healthy growth.

Many times the recommended diet for gestational diabetes alone will not keep you blood sugar fully under control and you may need additional support by taking insulin injections to keep your blood glucose within safe limits. In such situations you must make sure that you keep on eating a healthy diet and do not skip meals in an attempt to lower your blood sugar level. This can be dangerous as it may lead to hypoglycemia. So, always keep in touch with your physician and never change your meal pattern without his/her advice. Your physician will be able to advise you about matching calories in your diet with the insulin you need to take in your condition.

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weight gain problems? Take proper diet for gestational diabetes

A proper diet for gestational diabetes is nutritionally balanced to maintain good health of a pregnant woman and lead to a successful pregnancy. Choice of food by the mother provides the basic nutritional building blocks for the developing baby. In most cases eating a proper diet is all that is needed to keep a pregnant woman’s blood sugar within the normal range. If this fails to have the desired results then it is followed by insulin injections. When suffering from gestational diabetes a woman must pay attention to the number of calories she takes and should avoid taking such food that may increase her blood glucose. The emphasis should be on eating foods that support maintaining normal blood sugar level.

The right person to craft a proper diet regimen for gestational diabetes is a qualified dietitian. You can ask your doctor to refer you to a reliable dietician who can recommend proper diet, for gestational diabetes, prepared for your individual health condition and needs. You may also approach the local chapter of the American Dietetic Association/American Diabetic Association for help in locating a qualified dietitian in your area.

Menu for a proper diet for gestational diabetes is directly related to your weight gain requirements during pregnancy. It is important for you to understand this because the weight you gain during different stages of your pregnancy is roughly indicative of the amount of nutrition available for your growing baby. If your weight gain is inadequate it may result in a smaller than normal baby lacking proper protective calorie reserves at the time of its birth. Such a baby will be more susceptible to contracting illness during its first year. On the other hand if your weight gain is excessive it may create insulin resistance similar to the effect created by the hormones the placenta produces during pregnancy and which raises the level of your blood glucose.

The optimal weight you need to gain during pregnancy depends on your pre-pregnancy weight. If you were of optimal weight for your height at the time you became pregnant the ideal weight gain recommended for the period of pregnancy would be in the range of 24 to 27 lbs. In case you were overweight by 20 lbs the recommended weight gain is 20 to 24 lbs.

Taking proper diet for gestational diabetes becomes all the more important when you are underweight at the time of getting pregnant. You need to gain extra weight during your pregnancy in order to provide the right amount of nutrition to your baby. In such a case you need to gain approx. 28 to 36 lbs depending how underweight you were before pregnancy. It is therefore important for you to know your ideal pre-pregnancy weight to determine how much weight you need to gain during the period of your pregnancy to maintain good health and bring a healthy bonnie baby into this world. Your healthcare provider or your physician will be able to tell you the desirable weight level you need to be at the time you get pregnant and also recommend the proper weight gain for the period of pregnancy.

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pregnancy and gestational diabetes diet

Every expectant diabetic woman needs to make sure that she has a pregnancy gestational diabetic diet plan in place if she wants to safely go through her pregnancy. Gestational diabetes is a problem that affects about 200,000 pregnant women in the United States every year. The disease manifests itself in the second trimester of pregnancy and makes the blood glucose level rise to very high levels which pose a serious risk to the health of the mother and the unborn baby. A blood sample test is done to confirm blood glucose level.

Diabetes can affect anyone and for the majority of people it is a lifestyle disease which results from excessive stress, regular consumption of high starch diet and a sedentary lifestyle. Diabetes is not curable but it can be controlled. Gestational diabetes, however, affects only pregnant women and simply vanishes after the baby is born. A diabetic diet plan is the most effective way of preventing health complications arising from a diabetic condition during pregnancy. A properly designed pregnancy gestational diabetic diet menu is different from the usual diet menu meant for pregnant women not suffering from gestational diabetes. It is aimed at cutting down on carbohydrates and sugars in the diet for maintaining the daily calorie intake at 2000 calories. The total number of calories required actually depends on the height, weight and daily activities of an individual and may slightly vary from one person to the other. When following a recommended pregnancy gestational diabetes diet you must be careful about the daily quantity of carbohydrates, sugar and fats you consume.

Designing a pregnancy gestational diabetes diet is the job of a qualified professional and you will need to get in touch with a registered dietician specializing in diabetic nutrition, if you want to get one prepared for yourself. Such a diet is individualized and is not identical for every one suffering from gestational diabetes. The dietician will chart out a diet plan keeping in view your specific nutritional needs, blood sugar level, your food preferences and other parameters; fine tuning it to be best suited to your individual situation.

When you follow a pregnancy gestational diabetes diet it means you have to eat for two. This does not mean eating more. It just means eating right as you have to be careful about providing the right nutrition to your developing baby too. This is done by ensuring that you eat the correct amount of calories everyday to help build tissues for your baby and yourself as well. During pregnancy your body undergoes many changes quite rapidly and eating a proper diet ensures that you are providing your body with the necessary means to cope with such changes.

Every properly designed pregnancy gestational diabetes diet targets controlling gestational diabetes without resorting to insulin injections. Blood glucose is controlled by eating the right food in the right quantities. Insulin is taken only when absolutely necessary i.e. when dietary regulation alone is not able to keep the rise in blood glucose within safe limits.

A well designed pregnancy gestational diabetes diet is made to supply you with the optimum nutrition without causing an overload of glucose in your blood to keep you and your baby in the best of health.

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eat a balanced diet using a gestational diabetes sample diet plan

When you are afflicted with gestational diabetes you need to ensure that you follow a proper diet plan that can help you keep your blood sugar level under control. Although you require an individualized diet plan, you can take advantage of a gestational diabetes sample diet plan to start with. It will certainly help to lower your blood glucose while you seek the help of a qualified dietician to craft a specific gestational diabetes diet plan for you.

A gestational diabetes sample diet plan will require you to omit eating sweets or take them in a very limited quantity. The total number meals recommended are usually three along with three snacks in a day; one snack following each meal. The meals and snacks are spaced to have an equal amount of time between each meal and snack. What should be an ideal diet is recommended in the gestational diabetes sample diet plan and includes food with high fiber content which is found in grains, cereals, vegetables, fruits and many other types of healthy food. The most important aim of the sample diet plan is to regulate carbohydrate intake. Carbohydrate is metabolized during digestion into glucose and rapidly increases blood sugar level.

A gestational diabetes sample diet plan is so designed that all meals and snacks contain more or less the same amount of carbohydrate and are consumed at fixed times during each day. Out of the total daily carbohydrate requirement just the right amount of carbohydrate is available to the body at the same times during the day which greatly helps in regulating the blood sugar level.

Following the gestational diabetes sample diet plan will bring consistency in your eating habits and will let you control your blood glucose level. Your daily food intake will be consistent and provide your body with the same amount of calories everyday to give you the correct nutrition as per your needs. The daily calorific intake will be met from 45 to 65% calories coming from carbohydrates, 15 to 20% calories from proteins and 20 to 30% calories from fats.

Legumes, vegetables, whole wheat flour, wheat bran, nuts and fruits are important parts of a gestational diabetes sample diet plan due to their high fiber content. Apart from controlling blood glucose, fiber also reduces the risk of heart disease. The recommended daily intake of fibrous food is 25 to 30 grams per day. The plan will also include low fat substitutes like salsa, low fat yogurt and sugar free fruit spread to cover fat requirements. These are preferable to solid fats like margarine, butter and shortening as they increase the risk of cardiac problems. Monounsaturated fats like canola oil and olive oil are also recommended and so are polyunsaturated fats that can be had from eating seeds and nuts. However, excessive consumption of any type of fat is not recommended.

Cholesterol control is also taken into account by a gestational diabetes sample diet plan. It is designed so that you eat less of organ meat in preference to cuts of lean meat, egg substitutes in place of egg yolks and skimmed milk instead of whole milk.

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gestational diabetes sample diet makes it easy to choose healthy food

Gestational diabetes sample diet is meant for women with gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes is a disease that affects women during pregnancy. It is not detected during the first three months and only surfaces during the second trimester and remains throughout the rest of the period of pregnancy. After the baby is born it disappears on its own. In this disease the pancreas is unable to produce an adequate amount of insulin necessary to convert glucose in the blood into fuel for producing energy.

This problem can be effectively countered by adopting a gestational diabetes sample diet plan. The gestational diabetes sample diet regulates daily food intake in a way that ensures that the blood glucose level of the patient does not rise to unsafe levels. To achieve this goal it divides the food to be eaten during the day into three meals and three snacks, each containing an equal number of calories that add up to the total calorific requirement for one day.

The gestational diabetes sample diet puts a curb on sweets, deserts and excessive carbohydrates. Sweets, deserts and simple carbohydrates are replaced with complex carbohydrates that are digested slowly and hence are slow to add to an increase in blood glucose. The goal of a sample gestational diabetes diet is to provide adequate energy to a pregnant woman without causing any negative effects on her blood sugar level. This energy is measured in calories that need to be available in correct amounts to ensure providing proper nutrition to her. Calorific content in the diet should be appropriate to support the needs of the growing baby as well good health and well being of the mother and maintain the correct levels of blood glucose at the same time.

The gestational diabetes sample diet is designed to meet the weight gain needs of a pregnant woman. During the first trimester a normal healthy woman gains two to four pounds. Thereafter she gains a pound each week. Therefore, it is necessary to supplement the diet with 2 oz of extra meat or two glasses of milk that can provide additional protein and 200 to 300 extra calories from the second trimester onwards.

Meal planning under a gestational diabetes sample diet centers on eating a number of small meals everyday instead of 2/3 heavy meals because spreading the daily diet into many small meals helps to stabilize blood glucose at healthy levels. The sample diet also takes care to combine different foods in each of the meals to ensure that carbohydrates are not ingested alone.

One example of gestational diabetes sample diet for a pregnant woman is being given here:

Morning breakfast

Toasted whole grain bread – 2 slices
Peanut butter – 2 tbs
Fresh fruit juice – ½ a cup

Pre lunch snack

Fresh cottage cheese – 1 cup
Apple – 1

Lunch

Bean/lentil soup – 1 cup
Crackers (whole grain) – 1 serving
Low fat cheese – 2 oz
Baby carrots – 1cup

Post lunch snack

Almonds (raw) – 20
Grapes – 1cup

Dinner

Fish (any variety) – 6 oz
Broccoli (steamed) – 1 cup
Brown rice – 1 cup
Low fat milk – 1 cup

Post dinner snack

Plain air popped popcorn – 5 cups

This is only a sample diet plan for a day; you can prepare your own plan after consulting your dietitian and physician.

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patient education through gestational diabetes diet teaching

Gestational diabetes diet teaching is now an integral part of managing gestational diabetes. When healthcare givers and nurses give gestational diabetes related knowledge and education to patients the best results are achieved in terms of glucose control, weight gain and general health. Therefore, teaching patients about good diabetes control has become a necessary component in gestational diabetes management.

In gestational diabetes diet teaching the importance of dietary regulation is emphasized and the patient is educated that her diabetic condition can be easily controlled through proper management of diet and exercise alone. In most cases no other treatment is found necessary. She receives guidance about the various aspects of the disease and the effects that the food she eats has on her blood sugar level. She is made to understand that as a pregnant woman her diet is going to have a profound effect on the health and well being of her baby and it is crucial that she keeps her blood glucose under control without which her own health and that of her baby stand exposed to other health risks.

She also learns that gestational diabetes is not a life long ailment. It appears in the second trimester of pregnancy and vanishes after the baby is delivered. However, a woman who has gestational diabetes runs a greater risk of getting diabetes at a later stage in life as compared to someone who has not suffered from this disease.

For keeping gestational diabetes under control it is vital to choose a healthy diet that has the right combination of high and low glycemic index foods and follow a suitable exercise regimen. This teaching goes a long way in mentally culturing the patient to be conscious about her eating habits and the dangers posed by not adhering to safety guidelines in terms of gestational diabetes management and control.

She is made to understand the benefits of eating a low fat, low cholesterol diet and the need to control blood lipids along with controlling blood glucose. Diabetics in general are prone to heart disease and a high fat diet is a sure way to invite heart related health problems.

Fats contain different type of cholesterol like HDL (high density lipoproteins), LDL (low density lipoproteins) and Triglycerides of which the right proportions in the blood are vital for protection from cardio-vascular complications. Therefore, gestational diabetes diet teaching stresses on the choice of a low cholesterol diet together with regular exercise for effective fat control.

Diabetes educators and caregivers providing gestational diabetes diet teaching offer advice about what, when and in what quantities a pregnant woman with gestational diabetes should eat for maintaining her blood glucose at healthy levels. Their recommendations include eating approx. the same amount of food every day at the same time. The total number of daily meals should ideally be three. Every meal should be followed by a snack with equal time intervals between meals and snacks. Choice food groups should be those that contain vegetables, fruits, meat and meat substitutes, milk, cottage cheese and yogurt. The optimum daily quantity would vary depending on the individual needs of the patient.

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a gestational diabetes diet plan is individual to every patient

Gestational diabetes is a condition that affects only women during the period of their pregnancy. It usually appears during the 2nd trimester of pregnancy and disappears with the birth of the baby. However, the chances of a woman getting diabetes later in life are much higher if she has suffered gestational diabetes during her days of pregnancy. The best way to counter this condition is through a gestational diabetes diet plan. By intelligent food regulation it is possible to control blood glucose to remain within safe limits.

Gestational diabetes diet plan is designed to provide the right balance of carbohydrate, proteins, fats, nutrients, minerals and vitamins to a pregnant woman. The plan envisages eating fixed amounts of food belonging to various food groups in proportions that ensure that the blood sugar level of the patient does not rise to a high level and at the same time provide at least 2000 to 2200 calories every day for good health, strength and vitality, which is necessary for the expectant mother as well as the unborn baby.

Preparing a gestational diabetes diet plan is a specialized job and can be properly done only by a registered dietitian or caregiver of the patient. The patient or any other inexperienced individual should refrain from creating a gestational diabetes diet plan. The plan is laid down in a chart for the convenience of the patient so that she can follow it easily. The plan may require modifications to the diet that the patient is currently taking and it remains in the interest of the patient to adhere to the plan prepared by an experienced and qualified professional like a registered dietician, who will craft it specifically for her to suit her individual situation. It is important to understand that every gestational diabetes diet plan is individualized to suit the conditions of a specific person and that no two plans may be identical.

When preparing gestational diabetes diet plan the dietician takes into account the individual characteristics of the patient for whom the plan is being prepared. The most important features considered are the patient’s height, weight, daily activities and present blood sugar level as well as patient’s preferences for different food items.

Dietitians also consider the patient’s lifestyle, her metabolic condition and nutritional needs. Based on these a specific gestational diabetes diet plan that contains a number of meals and snacks with the right amount of carbohydrate, proteins and fats including vitamins and other vital nutrients is prepared. This diet can supply the patient with the necessary calories to sustain her health and that of her baby and keep her blood sugar under control. The recommended meals and snacks in the diet plan are spread over the whole day in a way that can supply the patient with an even amount of calories at each meal/snack. An important feature of a gestational diabetes diet plan is the replacement of simple sugars, syrups etc. with slow digesting complex carbohydrates, proteins and nutrients which aid control of blood glucose level.

By following her gestational diabetes diet plan an expectant mother can enjoy good health during pregnancy and safely deliver a healthy baby.

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gestational diabetes diet menu for tasty and healthy food

A gestational diabetes diet menu is designed not to be rigid or strict. It allows you to enjoy food you prefer eating. It does not consist of expensive, special diabetic food that is no more effective at controlling your blood sugar than the ordinary food you eat daily. By adopting a gestational diabetes diet menu you will be able to control your blood glucose through eating regular food items in a regulated manner sharing the same meal with others though with some controls.

The gestational diabetes diet menu should on an average consist of 2200 calories although there may be slight variations for different pregnant women depending on their height, weight and daily activities. These variations exist because the intensity of the problem of individual high blood glucose level and body requirements for energy is different.

The right calorific content in the gestational diabetes diet menu is provided from a correct balance of carbohydrates, starch, proteins, minerals, vitamins and iron in the recommended diet. A pregnant woman’s daily diet plan should contain food chosen in a way that provides these essential ingredients in such proportions that 45% to 60% of the total calorific requirement is met by carbohydrates, 15% to 25% by proteins and the balance from fat content in the diet.

The type of food to cover carbohydrate intake can be

(1) Bread and grains to be taken in 6 to 11 servings and can include pancakes, crackers, cooked cereals, rice, corn pasta, baked potatoes etc.

(2) Fresh fruits should be plentiful in the diet especially citrus fruits like grapes, oranges, melon etc. and 4 to 6 servings should be eaten everyday. Unsweetened canned fruit in limited quantities can also be taken.

(3) Vegetables are high in fiber content and should form a substantial part of the diet. As they contain much less sweetness than fruits, more number of servings should be eaten every day as compared to fruit servings. Recommended daily servings are three to five, whether raw or cooked, or as juice or soup. Large quantities of leafy vegetables especially those that are dark green and deep yellow in color are the best.

(4) Dairy products are also important parts of gestational diabetes diet menu. 2 to 3 servings of low fat, unsweetened milk, cottage cheese and yogurt should be taken daily.

Non- carbohydrate food covers poultry, meat, fat and sweets.

(1) 3 to 4 servings of meat and poultry can be taken every day. However, care should be taken to avoid fried meat/poultry. Peas or peanut butter can substitute meat/fish/poultry.

(2) Fats are also necessary in limited quantities and should be eaten in the form of margarine, peanuts and olives in 1 to 3 servings daily.

(3) Sweets need not be excluded totally. However, it is necessary to ensure that only the low sugar or sugar free variety is eaten in strictly limited quantity.

There should be a snack between each meal. The total calories required every day should be spread over all meals and snacks. This type of gestational diabetes diet menu will help a pregnant woman remain healthy throughout her pregnancy with controlled blood glucose levels and will let her easily deliver a healthy baby.

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balancing carbohydrate is essential in gestational diabetes diet

Gestational diabetes diet is meant to help women who develop gestational diabetes during pregnancy. Their blood sugar level goes back to normal once they give birth to the baby. Gestational diabetes diet is aimed at helping control the blood glucose level of a pregnant woman by guiding her to eat a healthy diet during her pregnancy in order to prevent health complications that may harm her and her unborn baby. Many times diet regulation alone is not sufficient to check blood sugar increase. In such cases it may be necessary to give insulin and incorporate a suitable exercise regimen along with dietary control to keep blood sugar within proper levels. This will ensure healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby.

Every woman with gestational diabetes must always eat a healthy diet containing carbohydrates, fats and proteins in the right amounts suited to her condition. When she eats food, proteins, fats and especially carbohydrates cause a natural increase in her blood sugar level. Therefore it is necessary for her to eat a balanced diet that can make her blood glucose remain within safe limits. It is also important to avoid eating too much carbohydrate at any one time else her blood sugar may shoot to a dangerous level.

The correct amount of carbohydrates, vitamins, fat, protein and nutrients varies for different individuals including a pregnant woman. A gestational diabetes diet plan recommended by a registered dietician takes into account various factors like the height, weight, and daily activities of a pregnant woman for determining what she should eat and in what quantities that would be ideal for her condition. The dietitian can use different meal planning methods like carbohydrate counting or diabetes exchanges for choosing a diet that will work best for a specific patient.

Eating the same amount of carbohydrate every day helps to control blood glucose. Usually the proper way to control daily carbohydrate intake is to spread it evenly over many small meals. Eating three small/medium-sized meals and three or four snacks, including a post dinner snack can help accomplish this target easily. The last snack is to help avoid low blood glucose during nighttime. Generally, a blood sample shows a higher sugar level in the morning and eating carbohydrates at breakfast leads to a further rapid increase in blood glucose. It is therefore advisable to take a lesser amount of carbohydrate at breakfast as compared to other meals/snacks during the day. Instead of carbohydrates it is better to add chicken, meat, eggs etc. in the breakfast menu to make a filling meal.

Gestational diabetes diet strictly rations sweets, candy, desserts, regular soft drinks etc. These things are high in sugar and carbohydrates and have low nutritional value. The best way is to avoid sweets containing added sugar altogether.

However, it is important to know that carbohydrate is a vital part of the gestational diabetes diet and must never be excluded from the diet. What is required is regulated carbohydrate intake. Meals must never be skipped or carbohydrates avoided as this may lead to very low levels of blood glucose which is dangerous to the health and safety of both the patient and the unborn baby.

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