In the today’s world, Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. In this condition either the body does not produce enough insulin or the cells ignore the insulin. Type 2 diabetes usually occurs due to a combination of problems such as insulin resistance and insulin secretion. Diet and exercise can help treatment of both of these problems. Many people affected with Type 2 diabetes cannot produce enough insulin to cope with the sudden and sharp rise in blood glucose that occurs after a meal. It has been observed that obese people and overweight persons who are inactive tend to be more insulin resistant than lean people who exercise regularly
There are several aspects in the treatment of diabetes, each one with a very important role. Diet and exercise are two main aspects which help to combat both obesity and diabetes. A few simple alterations to diet and exercise habits will ensure a difference. With increased insulin sensitivity through weight loss and an increase in activity level, lesser insulin would be required to keep blood glucose levels controlled. As obesity is the major cause for type 2 diabetes, a reduced-calorie, low-saturated-fat diet is often warranted. Every modest weight loss aids lowering blood sugar levels. In addition, many people with type 2 diabetes get affected by high blood pressure and thus need to reduce their salt intake.
There are a large variety of diets available for treatment of diabetes type2. Depending upon the stage of diabetes , a Type 2 diabetic could be prescribed either medication or insulin or both. These help the body process the sugars in the blood and to break them down. However, insulin and medication should not be taken as substitutes to a healthy diet. Taking medication or insulin does not give a patient authorization to consume sugar and carbohydrates. It is vital that a person with diabetes take medication or insulin regularly, as also adhere to a diabetic diet. This would mean familiarity with foods which should be avoided and which foods can be eaten sparingly. It is advisable that diabetics consult with a dietician or nutritionist for working out the best diet for them. It is critical for diabetics to understand the principles of counting calories and methods to help control blood sugar levels through a proper diet. It is essential to have all three fats, proteins and carbohydrates in your diet for good nutrition.
The amount of food one eats is closely related to blood sugar control. If intake of food is more than recommended, it results in increased blood sugar. Although foods containing carbohydrate have major impact on blood sugar, the calories from all foods affect blood sugar. Therefore, consumption is required to be measured carefully. Also, it is important to spread the carbohydrates throughout the day to avoid a sugar overload.
Another important aim of diet and exercise in the management of Type2 diabetes is to help keep your blood lipid profile at normal levels. Reducing the intake of saturated fats and reducing the consumption of alcohol can help to bring down levels of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood.
It is therefore necessary that the patient of Type 2 diabetes learns about different food types, advantages of eating healthy and nutritious diets. A good understanding will help the individual in knowing how it affects glucose levels and will encourage him or her to cut down on saturated fats, alcohol, salt and encourage the level of physical activity.
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