diets for diabetes type 2

In the today’s world, Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. In this condition either the body does not produce enough insulin or the cells ignore the insulin. Type 2 diabetes usually occurs due to a combination of problems such as insulin resistance and insulin secretion. Diet and exercise can help treatment of both of these problems. Many people affected with Type 2 diabetes cannot produce enough insulin to cope with the sudden and sharp rise in blood glucose that occurs after a meal. It has been observed that obese people and overweight persons who are inactive tend to be more insulin resistant than lean people who exercise regularly

There are several aspects in the treatment of diabetes, each one with a very important role. Diet and exercise are two main aspects which help to combat both obesity and diabetes. A few simple alterations to diet and exercise habits will ensure a difference. With increased insulin sensitivity through weight loss and an increase in activity level, lesser insulin would be required to keep blood glucose levels controlled. As obesity is the major cause for type 2 diabetes, a reduced-calorie, low-saturated-fat diet is often warranted. Every modest weight loss aids lowering blood sugar levels. In addition, many people with type 2 diabetes get affected by high blood pressure and thus need to reduce their salt intake.

There are a large variety of diets available for treatment of diabetes type2. Depending upon the stage of diabetes , a Type 2 diabetic could be prescribed either medication or insulin or both. These help the body process the sugars in the blood and to break them down. However, insulin and medication should not be taken as substitutes to a healthy diet. Taking medication or insulin does not give a patient authorization to consume sugar and carbohydrates. It is vital that a person with diabetes take medication or insulin regularly, as also adhere to a diabetic diet. This would mean familiarity with foods which should be avoided and which foods can be eaten sparingly. It is advisable that diabetics consult with a dietician or nutritionist for working out the best diet for them. It is critical for diabetics to understand the principles of counting calories and methods to help control blood sugar levels through a proper diet. It is essential to have all three fats, proteins and carbohydrates in your diet for good nutrition.

The amount of food one eats is closely related to blood sugar control. If intake of food is more than recommended, it results in increased blood sugar. Although foods containing carbohydrate have major impact on blood sugar, the calories from all foods affect blood sugar. Therefore, consumption is required to be measured carefully. Also, it is important to spread the carbohydrates throughout the day to avoid a sugar overload.

Another important aim of diet and exercise in the management of Type2 diabetes is to help keep your blood lipid profile at normal levels. Reducing the intake of saturated fats and reducing the consumption of alcohol can help to bring down levels of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood.

It is therefore necessary that the patient of Type 2 diabetes learns about different food types, advantages of eating healthy and nutritious diets. A good understanding will help the individual in knowing how it affects glucose levels and will encourage him or her to cut down on saturated fats, alcohol, salt and encourage the level of physical activity.

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supplement your diet with pre-diabetic nutritional supplements

If you have been diagnosed as being pre-diabetic, i.e. if your fasting blood sugar levels are slightly below full-blown diabetes figures, then this could be the last chance for you to take aggressive action to thwart off the disease. Along with dietary and lifestyle changes, you can also supplement your diet with pre-diabetic nutritional supplements that could help you in your fight against acquiring the disease.

The first step that you should take upon learning your pre-diabetic status is to examine your lifestyle and dietary habits. Stop smoking immediately. Avoid or considerably reduce your intake of fast foods, sugary foods and fried foods. Contact your doctor, dietician or nutritional counselor and get yourself acquainted with a new and healthy diet. You should also procure a diabetic food pyramid guide that could show you the foods that you should eat and also the foods that you should avoid eating. Your new diet will have to contain low levels of carbohydrates, sugar and fats, moderate levels of proteins and high levels of fiber. This diet, combined with an exercise routine will help you to avoid the onset of diabetes or even delay it considerably.

Your new diet will therefore consist of large helpings of vegetables and grains, cereals and oats. You can also consume fresh fruits and drink their juices but in smaller quantities. Low-fat milk and milk products such as tofu and yogurt can also be consumed, albeit in limited quantities. Your selection of meats will need to be diverted towards lean or fat-free meats and you can also eat skinless turkey and chicken. The foods that you should avoid totally or severely restrict the quantities are sugary foods such as pastries, cookies and ice-creams, since the high levels of sugar in these products will push your blood sugar levels towards diabetes.

In your bid to change your diet, you might miss out on several key vitamins and minerals. Hence it would be a good idea to start taking pre-diabetic nutritional supplements. These can be taken in the form of pills, shakes or even a tasty nutritional bar. These supplements contain vital vitamins including vitamin A, B, C, D, E and other minerals such as zinc, chromium and potassium. These supplements provide nutrition for keeping your body energized while also fighting the onset of diabetes. Most of the ingredients in these supplements can improve the functioning of your pancreas and regulate insulin levels. Other ingredients in these supplements also help in lowering blood pressure or lowering cholesterol levels. In other words, these nutritional supplements can fill the void created by lack of vitamins or other minerals and help your body in even reversing your pre-diabetic state. However, be sure to consult your doctor before you start taking any nutritional supplement.

Therefore, you should take your pre-diabetic state seriously and act immediately to make suitable changes in your lifestyle. Embark on a fitness program, change-over to consuming healthier food and fruits and take the help of pre-diabetic nutritional supplements to compensate for any vital nutrients missing from your diet. This combination should enable you to defer or even fight-off the onset of diabetes.

An Excellent Healthy Drink for Diabetics!

Did you know that flavored carbonated water has no calories, sugar, body, sweetener, color or preservatives?

The taste is fantastic, extremely refreshing and gives diabetics a great drink without any carbohydrates. A large
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for diabetic nutrition counseling jobs los angeles has many options

If you have a passion for helping diabetics find the right diet that could help them to stay safe from the ill-effects of the disease, then for diabetic nutrition counseling jobs Los Angeles has many options. If you are a diabetic yourself, then this job could also help you to beat the disease in a natural manner.

If you are interested in becoming a diabetic nutrition counselor, you will need to study hard and either get a bachelor’s degree in dietetics, food and nutrition or in food service systems management or any other related area that is related to diabetic diets. If you are a diabetic yourself, then you would have anyway understood the importance of a healthy diet in fighting the disease to a certain extent. You will also be able to better understand the needs of your patients or any other people that come to you for valuable advice.

You can choose from various private hospitals from in and around Los Angeles. The demand for diabetic nutritionists is expected to grow since the number of diabetics and pre-diabetics is increasing in alarming levels in the past few years. In addition to patients suffering from type 1 diabetes, faulty dietary and lifestyle habits are creating a large number of patients suffering from type 2 diabetes too. You can make a huge difference in preventing future diabetics by offering the right advice at the right time. You will need to converse with patients, doctors and even various hospitals and need to explain the importance of the diabetic food pyramid, the nutritional chart and diabetic supplements to your patients.

You will also need to set special menus for your patients to ensure that they consume healthy yet tasty foods. You will need to include variations in that menu so that your patients do not get bored while eating the same foods day-after-day. You can either join a private hospital, a government hospital or even a charitable organization as a diabetic nutrition counselor. Many government hospitals have started outsourcing these jobs to charities or private hospitals, hence you might find it a bit difficult to land a job in a government hospital. After a few years of experience, you might also be able to start your own counseling practice.

Whether you are a diabetic or not it is still essential to understand in great detail as to the effort and understanding required in becoming a diabetic nutritionist. You will need patience and an understanding of the patient’s physical and mental condition before you start offering dietary advice. Diabetic children will need to be handled with kids gloves and you might need to provide counseling for their parents too. In addition to a decent salary you can also expect tremendous satisfaction in the knowledge that you have the ability to help people and patients with your knowledge and turn them into healthy and happy human beings.

For diabetic nutrition counseling jobs Los Angeles has many options and you should explore each option before you make your decision. If you are still in high school or college, you should study hard to attain the right degree required to get into this tasty and healthy field.

An Excellent Healthy Drink for Diabetics!

Did you know that flavored carbonated water has no calories, sugar, body, sweetener, color or preservatives?

The taste is fantastic, extremely refreshing and gives diabetics a great drink without any carbohydrates. A large
and affordable assortment of flavored carbonated water concentrate is available for free delivery world wide from
Allfreightfree.com.

plan an ideal diet with the diabetic nutrition chart

If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, then your diet will need to be altered and strictly monitored. Since many foods provide a high spike in sugar levels after consumption, you will need to follow a diet based on your body’s requirements yet still safe enough to maintain your sugar levels within tolerable limits. A diabetic nutrition chart could help you to locate those foods that could provide high nutrition without pushing your blood sugar levels into the danger zone.

Your doctor or dietician will be able to provide you with the diabetic food pyramid, which will point out the right foods that can be incorporated in your new diet. These foods need not be tasteless or boring since a little bit of imagination will enable you to mix many ingredients to create a tasteful and nutritious dish. Your new diet will need to be low in carbohydrates and fats, moderate in proteins and high in fiber. Food exchange lists will also enable you to exchange any unwanted foods with foods of your choice, provided the calorie, carbohydrate, protein and fat levels are similar. All this data can be processed by you and converted into a diabetic nutrition chart, which can be referred to before each meal. This will help you to calculate the calories of each dish after adding the carbohydrate, fat, sugar and protein levels of each ingredient.

Your nutrition chart will invariably lay stress on eating more of vegetables, grains and cereals such as oats. You can also eat fruits and drink their juices but in moderate amounts, since although they are a rich source of vitamins, fruits themselves contain high levels of natural sugar. You can also have moderate servings of low-fat milk and other milk products such as yogurt, tofu and low-fat cheese or margarine instead of regular butter. Stick to grilled chicken, turkey or lean red meats instead of fried beef or bacon dishes. Finally, avoid eating sugary foods such as pastries or chocolates. Instead, you can opt for other supplements such as tasty diabetic nutritional bars that contain the natural sweetness of fruits mixed with oats, whenever you feel the need for a tasty and sweet treat. A little ingenuity in preparing your diabetic dishes will enable you to toss up tasty salads without excessive use of mayonnaise or other calorie-rich dressings.

Once you have mastered your nutrition chart and are able to satisfy your taste buds and also keep your body healthy, then you can eat safely with the thought that you are on the right track. If you feel that you need to help other diabetics with your knowledge, then you can also take up a job in counseling fellow diabetics or even pre-diabetics. The right nutrition chart will help you and others in a similar situation to effectively fight diabetes up to a certain degree in a natural method. Remember to balance your nutrition chart with ample exercise and a regular insulin monitoring program.

Hence the right diabetic nutrition chart based on your age, sex and daily activities will provide you with the right calorie intake using safe ingredients which could keep your glucose levels under control.

An Excellent Healthy Drink for Diabetics!

Did you know that flavored carbonated water has no calories, sugar, body, sweetener, color or preservatives?

The taste is fantastic, extremely refreshing and gives diabetics a great drink without any carbohydrates. A large
and affordable assortment of flavored carbonated water concentrate is available for free delivery world wide from
Allfreightfree.com.

sink your teeth into a tasty diabetic nutrition bar

If your diabetic condition has compelled you to stick to a strict diet, you might harbor hidden cravings for tasty yet healthy treats. In such a case, you need not worry since you can now enjoy the best of both worlds by sinking your teeth into a tasty diabetic nutrition bar.

Diabetics that have been addicted to fast food, fried delicacies and sugary delights might find that their new diabetic diet forbids them from even lurking near those foods. If you have diabetes, then your doctor might have shown you the food pyramid chart and advised you to go on a diet that could have low levels of fat, sugar and carbohydrates, medium levels of protein and high levels of fiber. In other words, you might need to eat more of vegetables, cereals and oats, moderate levels of fruits, low-fat milk and their derivatives, lean or fat-free meats and chicken, and extremely low levels of fried or sugary foods. This could be a tad harsh on your mind after gorging on years of pizzas, burgers, hot dogs, pastries and chocolates.

While your doctor might have your best interests in his or her mind, your mind might crave for sugary foods. Instead of falling prey to your sweet desires and eating unhealthy foods on the sly, a diabetic nutrition bar could offer the same pleasures without harming your body. These bars are available in many natural flavors such as Blueberry, Apple, Apricot, etc. They are also fortified with vitamins such as vitamin A, B, C, D, E, etc, and also contain other vital supplements such as Omega 3 Fatty Acids, calcium, potassium, iron and many other trace minerals. Some companies also offer various vegetables such as Parsley, Cucumber, Cabbage, etc in these nutritional bars. Most of these bars do not contain refined sugar although the sugar present in fruits and other ingredients in the bar will certainly need to be considered before you eat them.

Most of these diabetic nutrition bars contain oats which helps in lowering the glycaemic response, which in turn avoids your sugar levels spiking up after eating these tasty treats. These bars also help to control hunger pangs, which will enable you to remain comfortable until your next meal. In fact these bars make for great supplements for people that are in the pre-diabetic stage by controlling their sugar input without killing their craving for sinful sweets. Most of these bars also have low or no cholesterol, which could be good news for your heart. These bars are usually available in all health stores and you might even find information on them in your doctor’s clinic or various diabetic counseling centers. Many a case study has found select nutrition bars to be healthy alternatives to white bread or other commercial cereals including oats.

While a diabetic nutrition bar should not replace your healthy meal of vegetables, fruits or meats, it can certainly serve as a healthy snack to fight those in-between hunger pangs in a healthy and tasty way. The right nutrition bar can offer the right combination of taste and nutrition and also happily lower your hunger pangs until your next meal. So, the next time you feel hungry for a sweet but healthy treat, sink your teeth into a tasty diabetic nutrition bar.

An Excellent Healthy Drink for Diabetics!

Did you know that flavored carbonated water has no calories, sugar, body, sweetener, color or preservatives?

The taste is fantastic, extremely refreshing and gives diabetics a great drink without any carbohydrates. A large
and affordable assortment of flavored carbonated water concentrate is available for free delivery world wide from
Allfreightfree.com.

get energized with diabetic nutritional supplements

If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes then your doctor would have surely explained to you about the importance and consequences of maintaining a healthy diabetic diet along with adequate exercises and a regular insulin delivery and monitoring program. However, if your diet is still falling short of vital nutrients, you could ask your doctor about the benefits of taking additional nutrition in the form of diabetic nutritional supplements.

Your diabetic condition might compel you to eat a diet that has lower levels of carbohydrates, fats and sugars along with moderate levels of protein and high levels of fiber. This diet is essential for easy digestion, which in turn will enable your pancreas to perform its duties without any problem. Thus you can eat large servings of vegetables, grains and cereals, moderate servings of fruits, low-fat milk and milk products, lean and fat-free meats and very occasional servings of sugary or fried items. However, while such a diet might look ideal on paper, in reality your calculations might miss a beat if you do not like certain vegetables, fruits or meats. This might prevent the intake of crucial vitamins or minerals that could help your body and mind to stay healthy and ward off various other diseases.

In such a case, your doctor could help you out by suggesting that you go in for diabetic nutritional supplements. These are usually available in the form of a multi-vitamin pill, bar or cookie and you can study the market before you try them out. These supplements contain essential vitamins such as vitamin C and E, which help in the management of blood sugar and insulin respectively. In addition, they might also contain vitamin B and D. They could also contain Magnesium, which helps in lowering blood pressure and also relaxes muscles. They might also contain Chromium, which can help in regulating insulin. These supplements could also contain various other herbs that could help your body in fighting diabetes naturally. Your local pharmacist could help you out by providing you with a chart indicating the ingredients and benefits of various diabetic nutritional supplements. Study it to get the best supplement suitable for your body.

Along with a proper diet and nutritional supplements, an appropriate exercise routine is also required to increase your body’s metabolism. This will help your body to burn off excess fat and build up vital muscles. A faster metabolism will also help you to absorb the additional nutrients thus increasing their efficiency. Remember to stay adequately hydrated since this will help you during and after your exercise routine and also keep your skin soft and supple. A regular insulin program based on your blood sugar levels is also very important in maintaining blood sugar levels within the prescribed limits.

Therefore, diabetic nutritional supplements might just fill in vital vitamins, minerals and other nutrients that might be missing from your diabetic diet. These supplements might just provide you with the edge needed to keep the harmful effects of long term diabetes at bay for a long, long time.

An Excellent Healthy Drink for Diabetics!

Did you know that flavored carbonated water has no calories, sugar, body, sweetener, color or preservatives?

The taste is fantastic, extremely refreshing and gives diabetics a great drink without any carbohydrates. A large
and affordable assortment of flavored carbonated water concentrate is available for free delivery world wide from
Allfreightfree.com.

important aspects of diabetic nutrition

It is important to understand the various aspects concerning diabetes and a proper diabetic nutrition, whether you are a diabetic or not. This information can be useful if you are unfortunate enough to get the disease or if you have a loved one afflicted with diabetes or even if you plan to take up a career in any field related with diabetes.

People that are affected by type 1 or type 2 diabetes will need to realize that they cannot afford to ignore their new diet, which lays stress on consuming lower levels of carbohydrates, fats and sugar, moderate levels of protein and high levels of fiber. Such a diet will provide the ideal nutrition required by their body and enable their liver and more importantly, their pancreas to function at highly efficient levels. Hence, they will need to consume larger quantities of vegetables, cereals and grains, followed by moderate levels of fruits, low-fat milk and milk products along with lean meats or meat substitutes and low levels of fried and sugary foods.

Again, such a healthy diet will only work if it is complemented by a fat-burning exercise routine along with constant insulin monitoring and delivery systems in place. Some people might also find that in addition to that, they also require additional supplements that can provide vital vitamins and other nutrients that could be lacking in their body. These supplements containing multi-vitamins and minerals can be consumed in the form of a nutritional bar or cookie, which can provide the extra nutrition required by a diabetic body. Doctors that have enough experience in dealing with diabetes or who have conducted or studied several case studies in the past can offer critical insights into the prevention and treatment of diabetes.

A significant exercise in catching diabetes before it catches you or your loved ones is to check if anyone is in a pre-diabetic state. If the tests indicate higher blood sugar levels that have not yet reached diabetic sugar levels, it can still be a cause of concern and a timely changeover to a healthy diet along with an exercise routine can push back or even reverse the onset of type 2 diabetes to a large extent.

If you are looking at a career in the vast field of diabetes, then you could look towards counseling, where you can offer invaluable advice to diabetics, pre-diabetics or anyone that needs to avoid the onset of diabetes. You can guide them on the right diet, exercises, insulin therapy and also on the long term effects of diabetes such as diabetic foot, renal failure or cataracts in the eyes. You can enhance your advice with the help of a chart or even present a case study to caution people on the ill-effects of an unhealthy diet and lifestyle.

The field of diabetes is vast and whether you are a patient, related to a patient or just want to enter the field with an aim to help others, you can start off by gaining as much knowledge as you possibly can into the causes, symptoms and treatments of this incurable but manageable disease. Diabetic nutrition plays a very important role in controlling this debilitating disease and this branch itself offers innumerable career options if you truly want to enter into the domain of diabetes.

An Excellent Healthy Drink for Diabetics!

Did you know that flavored carbonated water has no calories, sugar, body, sweetener, color or preservatives?

The taste is fantastic, extremely refreshing and gives diabetics a great drink without any carbohydrates. A large
and affordable assortment of flavored carbonated water concentrate is available for free delivery world wide from
Allfreightfree.com.

in any diabetic case study nutrition plays a critical role

Although diabetics need to constantly watch over their blood sugar levels and maintain them within safe boundaries using appropriate doses of insulin, a lot of stress is also given to nutrition, since the right diet can certainly help in fighting the ill-effects of the disease in a significant way. This has been proved time and again since in any diabetic case study nutrition has been shown to play a crucial role in maintaining blood sugar levels within prescribed limits.

Various case studies have been conducted by different institutes in finding the link between nutrition and diabetes. While an unhealthy diet or eating excess sugar might not directly result in diabetes, it can severely curtail the efficiency of various vital organs such as the heart, liver and pancreas and if such a diet continues for a longer time, then the onset of diabetes can surely get accelerated. However, once a person gets afflicted with diabetes, then following a proper diet along with nutritional supplements in the form of a pill or a nutrition bar can certainly keep the patient energized and can help in delaying the harmful ill-effects of the disease.

Each case study explores various aspects of the disease but all of them agree that a healthy diet with the right mix of carbohydrates, fats, sugars, proteins and fiber will help patients to remain fit. The right nutrition input along with adequate exercise will ensure that unwanted fat is burned off and muscles retained. A healthy diet filled with the right amount of vitamins, minerals and other critical nutrients will also help in regulating blood pressure and cholesterol levels, curbing obesity and avoiding heart disease, thus helping the diabetic patient to concentrate all energies in fighting diabetes. People who are in a pre-diabetic stage can also benefit by adopting the right diet along with adequate exercise.

People that are obese but do not have diabetes should contact their local counseling center to get expert advice from any doctor, dietician or nutrition counselor on making concrete lifestyle changes to avoid getting diabetes or heart disease in future. Once a person gets diabetes, then he or she might also have to deal with the long-term effects of the disease, namely, renal failure, foot diabetes caused by nerve damage and impaired vision. In the case of diabetes, prevention is better since there is no cure as yet for this debilitating disease. Doctors and dieticians can help people to decipher the food pyramid chart which will point out the right foods that need to be consumed in various quantities in order to stay healthy and happy.

Various case studies have also been conducted on the effects of altered carbohydrate intakes on people with diabetes. High levels of carbohydrates get converted to sugar quite fast and end up spiking sugar levels considerably. Hence many studies suggest lowering the intake of carbohydrates while increasing the levels of fiber.

In any diabetic case study nutrition plays a critical role and people should realize that a healthy diet is an important weapon in fighting diabetes to a great extent in a natural way.

An Excellent Healthy Drink for Diabetics!

Did you know that flavored carbonated water has no calories, sugar, body, sweetener, color or preservatives?

The taste is fantastic, extremely refreshing and gives diabetics a great drink without any carbohydrates. A large
and affordable assortment of flavored carbonated water concentrate is available for free delivery world wide from
Allfreightfree.com.

how to use the exchange list for diabetes diets

Diet plays an important role in the management of diabetes. Exchange list is used to plan a balanced diabetic diet. The main goal of the exchange lists is to maintain the proper balance of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats in your diet. So, how to maintain this balance? Well, a diabetes doctor or nutrition expert can guide you in this.

Before developing diet menus for a patient, the doctor first studies his/her dietary requirements. The dietary requirement means the number of calories a person needs per day. It may be 1200 calories, 1500 calories, or 1800 calories per day. It varies from person to person and depends upon many factors such as age, weight, exercise capacity and nature of diabetes. Once you determine your calorific needs you can design a meal plan for each day that will fulfill your calorific requirements.

There are some general rules that help when you use exchange lists for your meal planning, these are as follows:

The exchange lists are group of six different lists of foods grouped according to similar calorie content. These are starch/bread, fruit, vegetables, milk, meat and fats. From each food list you can select a certain number of exchanges.

The amount and type of these exchanges depends on daily exercise, timing of insulin injections, your weight, blood pressure and cholesterol level.

In this system foods can be exchanged within an exchange list but not between the lists even though they carry the same calorie count. In all lists except the fruit list choices can be doubled or tripled to supply a serving of certain foods.

In this exchange lists some foods are “free”. Free foods contain less than 20 calories per serving and you can eat it in any amount unless a serving size is specified.

The six categories of exchange system are:

Starches/Breads: Under this list each exchange of food contains 15 grams of carbohydrates; 3 grams of proteins and a trace of fat, the total amount of calories are 80. The rule is a half cup of cooked cereal, pasta, or grain equals to one exchange and one ounce of a bread product equals to one serving.

Fruits: In this list each exchange contains 15 grams of carbohydrates means 60 calories. All fruits contain sugar and sugar should not be more than 10% of daily carbohydrates.

Vegetables: Under this list exchanges for vegetables are 1/2 cup juice, 1/2 cup cooked and one cup raw vegetables. Each exchange contains 5 grams of carbohydrates, 2 grams of proteins and fibers. Fresh vegetables are always better than canned vegetables because canned vegetables are high in sodium.

Milk and substitutes: A milk exchange is usually one cup or 8 ounces. This group contains low-fat and skim milk products, while whole milk group is avoided.

Meat: Exchange sizes of the meat list are one ounce and it is based on cooked or raw meat. 3 ounces of cooked meat equals to 4 ounces of raw meat. This group is further categorized as lean meat, low fat, medium fat and high fat meat.

Fats: A fat exchange equals to one teaspoon. Saturated and Trans fatty acids should be avoided and instead of that choose poly-saturated or mono-saturated fats.

An Excellent Healthy Drink for Diabetics!

Did you know that flavored carbonated water has no calories, sugar, body, sweetener, color or preservatives?

The taste is fantastic, extremely refreshing and gives diabetics a great drink without any carbohydrates. A large
and affordable assortment of flavored carbonated water concentrate is available for free delivery world wide from
Allfreightfree.com.

exchange list for diabetic diet gives detailed information of nutrient contents in foods

A diet plan for diabetes is based on your age, sex, body weight and physical activity. The main objective of diabetic diet is to maintain blood sugar levels in blood by consumption balanced food. While developing a menu for diabetic diet you have to consider dietary requirement that is daily requirement of calories by the individual. The exchange lists helps plan diabetic diets. The main goal of exchange lists is to maintain proper balance of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats throughout the day.

While using exchange lists you have to follow some general rules. The foods in exchange lists are called exchanges. Each exchange list contains foods having similar number of calories, protein, fat and carbohydrate. You can exchange the foods within a list because it contains same calories and affects the glucose level in a similar manner. In your diet plan you can include a certain number of exchanges from each food list.

The exchange food lists are vegetables, fruits, starches/bread, milk, fats, and meat and meat substitutes. You cannot exchange the foods between two groups.

The vegetable list contains all non-starchy vegetables. 1/2 cup cooked vegetables or one cup raw vegetables are considered as one exchange and it contains 2 grams of proteins and 5 grams of carbohydrates equivalent to 25 calories. The non-starchy vegetables are cabbage, lettuce, cauliflower, broccoli, eggplant, carrots, spinach etc.

The fruit list contains all fruits and fruit juices. One exchange of fruit group equals to 60 calories (about 15 grams carbohydrates). Examples of fruit exchanges are; 1/2 cup pineapple or apple juice, 1/3 cup grape juice, 1/2 cup orange or grapefruit juice, one small pear, peach, orange or apple, 1/2 large banana, 1/3 of small cantaloupe etc.

One exchange from starches/bread list contains 80 calories that is 3 grams of protein and 15 grams of carbohydrates. Examples are; 3/4 cup cooked cereal (unsweetened), 1/3 cup cooked pasta, one slice of wheat bread, 3 cups popcorn, one pancake etc. This list contains starchy vegetables like 1/2 cup mashed potato, 1/2 cup corn, 1/2 cup dried beans and 1/2 cup sweet potato.

In milk list one exchange equals to 8 grams of protein, 12 grams of carbohydrates and a trace of fat. Examples of milk exchanges are; one cup of 1% milk, one cup of non-fat or skim milk, 2/3 cup fat-free yogurt, one cup of 2% milk and 3/4 cup of yogurt from 2% milk.

The fat list is further divided into three categories mono-saturated fats, poly-saturated fats and saturated fats. But always avoid saturated fats as it raises the cholesterol level. Six almonds, one tablespoon peanut butter, and one teaspoon of oil (canola, peanut, and olive) are mono-saturated fats. One teaspoon of margarine and one teaspoon of any vegetable oil (except coconut oil) are examples of poly-saturated fats. Saturated fats are one teaspoon butter, two tablespoons cream and one strip of bacon.

The meat and meat substitutes are divided into lean meats, medium-fat meats and high-fat meats. Examples of meat exchanges are; one ounce fish, one ounce lean pork, one ounce cottage cheese, one egg, one ounce ground beef or lamb or chicken etc.

The exchange list also includes two more categories called as free food list and combination food list. Free foods contain very less calories and examples are diet soft drinks, soy sauce, spices and sugar-free gelatin. A combination food is mixture of two or more exchange lists like cheese pizza, chicken noodle soup, and spaghetti with meatballs.

An Excellent Healthy Drink for Diabetics!

Did you know that flavored carbonated water has no calories, sugar, body, sweetener, color or preservatives?

The taste is fantastic, extremely refreshing and gives diabetics a great drink without any carbohydrates. A large
and affordable assortment of flavored carbonated water concentrate is available for free delivery world wide from
Allfreightfree.com.