insulin injection sites selection

If you want best results of insulin you should know exact insulin injection sites. Insulin injections are injected into the less-sensitive layer of fatty tissue which is just under the skin. For insulin injections fatty tissue area is good because it contains less large blood vessels and nerves than other area. The fatty tissue areas are arms, abdomen, buttocks and thighs.

Insulin should be injected into the back of the upper arm. It is very difficult to inject the insulin using this site. If you want to inject an insulin injection into arms take the help of someone else otherwise place your upper arm over the back of a chair and try to pinch up the tissue. Always choose the site about three child’s finger above the elbow and just below the muscle-line.

When you select the abdomen area remember that you cannot use the area within one inch around your navel. If you choose the belt line area, it may irritate the injection site. If there is any surgical area avoid that part for an injection. Abdomen is the easiest place to inject the insulin. In the case of teens and children it is difficult to find the site on the abdomen because of the subcutaneous fat. To find the flatter places let them sit or lean forward slightly.

On thighs use middle and outer areas, from which you can pinch up tissues very easily. There are more fatty tissues closer to the hip. On the thigh choose a site one hand (child’s) above the knee and one hand below the groin.

On the buttocks it is very difficult to inject yourself. Ask someone to give you the injection or try yourself by standing in front of a mirror. You can use any area of the buttocks where you can pinch up the tissue. Generally people choose the upper outer quadrant of the buttock.

To prevent tissue damage like thick skin, indentations and bulging, you should rotate your injection sites. In damaged tissue all of the insulin may not be absorbed and insulin may not work properly. In this situation you cannot control your blood sugar. To avoid these complication keep a record of where you gave your last shot.

It is hard to remember previous injection site, but with the Injection Locator you can recall an exact injection site even five or six weeks later. It is proved that 65% insulin dependent diabetics have subcutaneous tissue damage problem. Systematically and regularly rotating injection sites technique can solve this problem. The injection locator is useful to identify the injection sites in different injection areas of a user’s body. It is used in many hospitals because of the nursing staff schedule, with the help of injection locator everyone can easily identify previous injection site. The injection locator is a simple tool. It is developed especially for diabetics but other people can also use this to rotate their injection sites. If you able to avoid subcutaneous tissue damage, you will get better results of absorption and distribution of the injected insulin.

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non insulin dependent diabetes

The world today is facing an upsurge of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) leading to deaths on a huge scale. Diabetes is a persistent disease for which no cure has yet been developed. A large portion of the population in the USA is affected by diabetes and this is one of the major causes of deaths in the country. Similarly, a large population goes unnoticed and untreated. Type-2 diabetes is the major cause of loss of vision amongst the working population in the U.S.A. Patients diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes are at twice the risk for heart disease than non-diabetics.

The cause of diabetes is yet not known. Diabetes manifests itself in two major forms, insulin-dependent (IDDM) or type I and non-insulin-dependent (NIDDM) or type-2. Type II diabetes develops due to inability of the body to produce and absorb insulin thus becoming resistant to it. Due to inadequate production of insulin by the body, the pancreas is forced to produce more insulin. A large number of diabetics with type 2 diabetes show no symptoms and are asymptomatic, and hence it is often discovered late and by chance.

Overweight or obese individuals who are physically inactive are at greater risk of developing type-2 diabetes. In particular, people with accumulated fat around the abdomen are at a greater risk of developing this disease.

The symptoms of type 2 diabetes are increased frequency of urination especially at night, excessive thirst, exhaustion, blurred vision, and unexplained loss of weight. These symptoms may not be conspicuous initially. Initially the symptoms may only be understated, or at times there may be no symptoms at all.

A healthy diet is essential for people with type 2 diabetes. Type-2 diabetics need to avoid refined sugars and carbohydrates, while concentrating on whole grains, low fat milk, low sugars, fats and carbohydrates high in fibers. Foods such as whole wheat bread and brown rice help slow down the absorption of sugars thus help in managing diabetes.

Diabetics must have their meals daily at the same time and also restrict the portion sizes. For between the meal snacks, carbohydrates should be consumed but be spread throughout the day to prevent rise in blood sugar levels after meals.

Regular physical activity increases the body’s reaction to insulin. People who exercise regularly, at least four to five days in a week and have a healthy diet are less likely to get diabetes. Those affected with the disease and exercising regularly are able to manage their diabetes well and are able to live longer and better.

Smoking, like diabetes, vastly increases the risks of heart disease. Smoking is unhealthy especially for diabetics and hence must be given up.

Alcohol is not a taboo. However, it must be consumed occasionally and in moderation. Avoid drinking on an empty stomach.

In case change in diet, and other factors affecting lifestyles do not help in reduction of blood glucose; medications may have to be prescribed by doctors to further enhance production of insulin. Even insulin injections may have to be prescribed either for short term or long term usage.

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Diabetes herbal medications are currently being researched all over the world – and there are several.

Diabetes herbal medications are currently being researched all over the world – and there are several. Everyone knows that there is no cure for diabetes and that once told they have it, diabetics must learn to live with the disease. The current standard of care is treatment to prolong life and improve the quality of life as much as possible. Treatment is directed towards relieving symptoms, improving the body’s ability to metabolize glucose, preventing or correcting complications, and assuring proper nutrition.

There are several Amazon jungle root herbs with reported abilities to lower blood sugar levels, normalize the frequency of urination, and eliminate glucose in the urine of diabetics. In Brazil, Pfaffia root has been used for years to treat the symptoms of diabetes. Pata-de-vaca is also widely used in Brazil for the treatment of diabetes.

In order to provide new medications in the treatment of diabetes, researchers must find what substances are in these two herbs and in the lab perhaps are able to reconstitute these ingredients. Some of these new medications may be able to help people with few symptoms of diabetes, control their disease.

In China for years, the goji berry has been used to treat Type-2 diabetes. Type-2 diabetes is cause by the destruction of insulin receptors on cell surfaces which causes the cells to be resistant to insulin. Type-2 diabetes can be managed with medication and lifestyle changes and research is showing that natural herbs can also help in managing this type of diabetes.

One doctor in China has studied the results of goji berry on the blood of thousands of patients. He believes that the goji berry makes their blood more alkaline. He reports that as the alkalinity changes, there is a reversal of all illnesses. His claim is that this reversal includes cancer, diabetes, high blood pressure, renal failure, obesity, high cholesterol, arthritis and other illnesses associated with physical or mental problems, including attention deficit disorder. Now this is a very huge claim to make and I have not seen this claim in any other of the medical literature but it is possible that further research will show that there is the possibility for a cure to diabetes with some of these Asian herbs.

Another research program currently in China has diabetics drinking a tea made from the goji berry. Results show that up to 62 percent of subjects showed decrease in blood glucose levels as well as over half of the patients being able to control blood sugar levels with diet alone. Goji seems to help with the release of oxygen to the cells with an enzyme named 23BPG. This seems to help reduce the symptoms caused by the narrowing of blood vessels in the legs, eyes and other areas in the body of diabetics.

Diabetes herbal medications are currently being researched all over the world – and there are several.

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types of type 2 diabetes medications and treatment

Type 2 diabetes is a chronic and progressive disease. Symptoms in people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes include:

1) Blurred vision.
2) Sudden weight gain or loss.
3) Wounds principally in the feet and ankle area which heal slowly.
4) Frequent urination at night.
5) Loss of sensation on skin and itchy feeling on the feet and hands.
6) Increased thirst during nights.
7) Erectile dysfunction.
8) Fatigue.

The two treatment objectives for type 2 diabetes are:

1) Removing excess glucose from bloodstream thus reducing mortality and failure of functional organs.
2) Improving the quality of life.

In obese or overweight patients the initial treatment approach is adjustment of diet, exercise, and weight loss. The life of the patient is prolonged by the help of substantial restoration of insulin sensitivity by significant weight loss. Recourse to oral anti-diabetic medications is taken when the above treatment does not work. Drugs such as sulphonylureas, Biguanides (metformin), Thiazolidinediones, and alpha-glucosidase inhibitors (acarbose, miglitol) are recommended.

Exenatide may be prescribed by the physician depending on the severity of the condition. An insulin therapy will be prescribed to control the blood sugar level if these treatment options fail. Thus the patient will step forward from only oral to a combination of oral and insulin based treatment.

With the advances made people with type 2 diabetes have the benefit of a growing list of alternatives like:

* Complex new medications, like Byetta which is not insulin but it is taken by injection. It holds back appetite and deals with high blood sugar.

* Januvia, which has just received FDA approval, is a novel drug. To control blood glucose it works with natural enzymes, gut hormones, and the body’s own insulin.
* FDA has also approved several two-drug combination pills thus reducing the number of pills people have to take. The well-known medication metformin is now available in an extended-release form, in dosage of once-or twice-a-day. This medication has no vexing intestinal consequences.
* Development of diabetes is related to obesity. For the treatment of the same Acomplia (rimonabant) is awaiting FDA approval. This medication has great potential in controlling blood glucose, heart disease and stroke prevention.

However, the workhorse of oral diabetes medications has been metformin. It prevents the liver from releasing too much sugar. It does not cause weight gain and for patients its generic version is less expensive. Considering all this doctors usually start with metformin. However, some people experience trouble tolerating metformin in its standard form, due to side effects like diarrhea, bloating and gas. This problem has been taken care of by extended-release metformin. It has fewer side effects and is better tolerated.

Apart from Metformin, new combination medications are also used. To make more insulin the pancreas are helped and stimulated by Sulfonylureas like Amaryl and Glucophage. Fat and muscle cells are sensitized with the help of Thiazolidinediones (TZDs) like Actos and Avandia. The fat and muscle cells become more receptive to the body’s natural insulin and thus prevent insulin resistance.

In order to get the most from type 2 diabetes medications it is recommended that you adhere to a healthy lifestyle. Nutritious and well-balanced diet that includes carbohydrates, fat and protein has been recommended by physicians. They also recommend that if you eat a judiciously -sized meals then exercise prompts your body to use insulin efficiently.

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type 2 diabetes medication

Meal planning for weight loss, blood glucose (sugar) control and exercising is often the first line of treatment for type 2 diabetes. Sometimes these measures are not sufficient to bring the blood glucose levels down or close to the normal range. Taking a medicine that lowers blood glucose levels is the subsequent move. Type 2 diabetes medications are of two kinds: insulin injections (shots) and oral medications. Diabetes pills are not insulin. Blood glucose levels are high in people with diabetes. Since glucose remains in the blood rather than entering cells where it belongs this condition occurs. Insulin must be present and the cell must be starving for glucose in order for glucose to pass into a cell.

People whose bodies still produce some insulin (the majority of people with type 2 diabetes have this condition) oral diabetes medications or diabetes pills help control sugar levels.
To achieve favorable blood sugar control these diabetes pills are often used in combination. Two problems that are faced by people with type 2 diabetes which lead to increased sugar (glucose) in the bloodstream are:

1. They do not make adequate insulin to transfer glucose into cells where it will be used as fuel.
2. Insulin resistance; cells become resistant to insulin. This means they do not seize glucose as well as they should.

People with type 2 diabetes develop “beta cell failure” over time. The cells in pancreas make insulin. However, they are no longer able to release insulin in response to high blood sugar levels. For this reason such people often need insulin injections. Insulin is given either in combination with their diabetic pills or plain insulin is administered.

Diabetes medications are grouped in classes and each class of medicine works differently.

* Sulfonylureas. More insulin is released by pancreas when it is stimulated by these diabetes pills and the blood sugar is lowered. In hemoglobin A1c ( HbA1c) these drugs cause a decrease of up to 1%-2%.

* Biguanides. The function of these diabetes pills is to improve insulin’s aptitude to transfer sugar into cells, particularly into the muscle cells. Liver is checked from releasing stored sugar by these pills. People who have kidney damage or heart failure should not use biguanides. This is because this drug causes a rapid and acute build up of acid (called lactic acidosis) in these patients. Biguanides can decrease the HbA1c by 1%-2%.

* Thiazolidinediones. Increasing insulin’s effectiveness in muscle and in fat tissue is the function of these diabetes pills. The amount of sugar discharged by the liver is lowered. The effects of insulin are made more sensitive in fat cells. In this group of oral diabetes medications a drop of 1%-2% of HbA1c is seen. The effect of lowering of blood sugar takes a few weeks after the use of these drugs. Extra caution should be exercised by people with heart failure. Periodic liver tests are recommended.

* Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors, including Precose and Glyset. The escalation in blood sugar is slowed down when these medications block enzymes which help digest starches. Diarrhea or gas can be caused by these diabetes medications. They can lower hemoglobin A1c by 0.5%-1%.

* Meglitinides, including Prandin and Starlix. The pancreas is stimulated to release more insulin and the blood sugar is lowered. The level of glucose determines the effectiveness of these diabetes medications.

* Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV) inhibitors including Januvia. The insulin secretion in pancreas is increased and the blood sugar is lowered in the patients with type 2 diabetes with the use of these inhibitors (Januvia). They also reduce sugar production. When the blood sugars are high this class of drug increases insulin secretion. This medication can be taken alone or with other medications.

Studies show that some type 2 diabetes medications really help prevent diabetes and diabetes related complications.

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type 2 diabetes and medication

The most common form of diabetes is type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes occurs in two situations. One, enough insulin is not produced by your body; and second when the body cells ignore the insulin produced. It normally emerges in adults often in middle age. Chronic and acute are the two major complications of diabetes mellitus. Obesity is often linked with type 2 diabetes and can be controlled or delayed with exercise or diet. To be able to use sugar the body necessarily needs insulin. The basic fuel for the cells in the body is sugar. Insulin carries the sugar from the blood into the cells. When glucose instead of going into the cells builds up in blood, two problems are caused, your cells will be starved for energy, and second high blood glucose levels will hurt your kidneys, eyes, nerves or heart.

The symptoms of type 2 diabetes are:

* Fatigue
* Increased hunger
* Increased thirst.
* Increased urination at night
* Blurred vision
* Weight loss
* Sores that do not heal

If you have the above symptoms, then you should consult your healthcare provider.

Type 2 diabetes has two significant risk factors viz. obesity and physical inactivity. If type 2 diabetes is of mild nature then it can go undetected for many years. If left untreated it can lead to many serious medical problems, which include cardiovascular disease.

For treatment of type 2 diabetes several oral medicines are available. The functions of these medicines are to increase insulin production, decrease insulin resistance and slow down intestinal absorption of carbohydrates. To adequately control your diabetes you will need more than one medicine. To lower blood sugar level single medicine will not be adequate and instead two or more medicines will act more efficiently. If you take two medicines together then the side effects can be reduced by having lower doses of each. However, the side effect of low blood sugar or hypoglycemia remains when two medicines are taken together.

If you undergo surgery or are severely ill, pregnant or breast-feeding then you will need to take insulin temporarily. You may also be required to receive insulin injections daily if your lifestyle and pills (oral medicines) are not managing your blood sugar effectively. Insulin will also be essential if and when your pancreas stop producing insulin.

To prevent or to slow down the development of complications you will be required to take medicines.
Medicines that are recommended to increase the production of insulin are:
* Sulfonylureas, such as glipizide (Glucotrol), glyburide (DiaBeta, Glynase, or Micronase), glimepiride (Amaryl), the combination medicine glyburide and metformin (Glucovance), the combination of sitagliptin and metformin (Janumet), or the combination of glipizide and metformin (Metaglip).
* Meglitinides, such as repaglinide (Prandin) and nateglinide (Starlix).
Medicines that are recommended to decrease insulin resistance are:
* Biguanides, such as metformin (Glucophage or Glucophage XR), the combination medicine glyburide and metformin (Glucovance), or the combination of metformin and glipizide (Metaglip).
* Thiazolidinediones, such as rosiglitazone (Avandia), pioglitazone (Actos), or the combination of rosiglitazone and metformin (Avandamet).
Recently the U. S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved new medicines which include:

Incretin mimetics, such as exenatide (Byetta. In case you were not able to control your blood sugar with oral medicines such as metformin or a sulfonylurea your doctor will recommend byetta. You can take byetta.by itself or with other oral medicines. Before morning and evening meals byetta can be administered as injections 2 times a day.
Amylinomimetics, such as pramlintide (Symlin). Pramlintide lowers blood sugar after you eat. In case you already take insulin but you are still not able to control your blood sugar, your doctor will recommend pramlintide. Pramlintide is only used with insulin. You can take it as an injection before meals.
Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-4) inhibitors, such as sitagliptin (Januvia). Sitagliptin lowers blood sugar. When the blood sugar rises this drugs allows the body to release insulin for longer than usual period thus reducing blood sugar levels.
These are the types of type 2 diabetes medications presently used.

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Did you know that flavored carbonated water has no calories, sugar, body, sweetener, color or preservatives?

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and affordable assortment of flavored carbonated water concentrate is available for free delivery world wide from
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http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=3044759
http://diabetes.webmd.com/tc/type-2-diabetes-living-with-the-disease-medications

type 1 diabetes medication

Diabetes type 1 is a chronic disease, it occurs when the pancreas produce too little insulin to meet the body’s needs. Insulin is the hormone which controls the level of glucose in the blood. After you eat, foods are broken down into sugar in the gut. The sugar is also called glucose. It is absorbed through the gut wall into the bloodstream. The body cells use the glucose as fuel for energy. Your blood glucose level should not go too high or too low, in order to remain healthy. If the body does not produce enough insulin or if the insulin that is produced does not work properly on the body’s cells, the resultant condition is called as diabetes.

A person who has type 1 diabetes needs insulin therapy for survival. For lowering blood sugar levels oral insulin is not an option because insulin taken orally interacts with the stomach enzymes and gets digested and does not enter the blood stream. Insulin is often taken through a fine needle syringe or an ink pen like device in which the cartridge is filled with insulin. Another option is an insulin pump. It is a device the size of cell phone, which is worn on the outside of your body. The reservoir of insulin is connected to a tube; the other end of the tube has a fine needle which is inserted under the skin of your abdomen. The pump is so designed that it dispenses specific amounts of insulin automatically. Depending on meals, activity level and blood sugar level it can be adjusted to deliver required amount of insulin.

Insulin is available in many types, which include long-acting insulin, rapid- acting insulin and intermediate acting insulin. The examples of insulin are isophane (Humulin N, Novolin N), regular insulin (Humulin R, Novolin R, insulin aspart (NovoLog), insulin glargine (Lantus) and insulin lispro (Humalog). Your doctor will prescribe a mixture of insulin types for your use. Other medications are also prescribed sometimes by your doctor. For example an injection of pramlintide (Symlin) before you eat can slow the movement of food through your stomach. Thereby the abrupt increase in blood sugar that occurs after your meals is curbed. In order to help prevent heart and blood vessel disease your doctor may recommend a low- dose aspirin therapy. An injectable medicine known as Symlin, has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to control blood sugar in adults with type 1 diabetes. When patients are unable to achieve sufficient control over their blood sugar level with insulin therapy alone then symlin is recommended to be used in addition to insulin.
For treatment of type1 diabetes other than insulin, symlin is the only therapy.

Exubera is rapid-acting human insulin. It is inhaled through the mouth. Its function is to lower the levels of glucose (sugar) in the blood. It is used in adults with type 1 diabetes. However, it is not recommended if you have a lung disease which has not been controlled with medications or other treatments. It is advised that exubera should be used not more than 10 minutes before eating a meal when you use it as a meal-time insulin. Exubera is only a part of the treatment the other important parts of treatment includes exercise, weight control, diet and testing your blood sugar at regular intervals.

Apidra is a hormone that is generated in the body. Its function is to lower the levels of glucose (sugar) in the blood. It is not recommended if you are allergic to insulin, or if you have had an incident of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). You should tell your doctor before using Apidra if you have had kidney or liver disease or are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. You have to use it 15 minutes before or 20 minutes after you commence eating a meal. When compared to regular human insulin it is a faster-acting form of insulin.

Remember diabetes care and management includes exercise, weight control, diet, dental care, foot care, eye care and testing your blood sugar. Apidra and Exubera are only a part of the treatment regime.

These are the type 1 diabetes medications presently used by health care professionals.

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medications for type2 diabetes mellitus

A group of metabolic diseases typified by high blood sugar (glucose) is known as diabetes mellitus. This results from imperfection in insulin secretion or action or both.
Diabetes is a never-ending medical condition which lasts a lifetime although it can be controlled. Out of the two major types of diabetes, type 2 diabetes is more prevalent. In this patients can even generate insulin, but it is insufficient for body’s needs or in some cases the body has resistance to the insulin produced.

Taking a medicine helps to lower the blood glucose levels. There are two kinds of medicines: oral medications (pills) and insulin shots. Diabetes pills are not insulin.
Blood glucose level is high in people with diabetes. As glucose remains in the blood rather than entering cells, where it belongs, high blood glucose condition takes place. Insulin must be present and the cell must be “hungry” for glucose to enable glucose to pass into a cell. The two problems which are faced by people with type 2 diabetes are they do not make reasonably adequate insulin and cells of their bodies do not appear to capture glucose as eagerly as they should.

In the United States five classes of drugs are sold viz. Meglitinides, biguanides, sulfonylureas, alpha-glucosidase inhibitors.and thiazolidinediones. To lower blood glucose levels these five classes of drugs act in different ways.

Meglitinides are drugs that arouse the beta cells to discharge insulin. Repaglinide and nateglinide are meglitinides. They are taken before meals as hypoglycemia (low blood glucose levels) is a possibility since insulin is liberated due to sulfonylureas and meglitinides.

Alcohol and diabetes medications do not go together. Side effects like vomiting, sickness or flushing can be occasionally caused by the interaction of chlorpropamide, and sulfonylureas with alcohol.

Metformin is a biguanide. The amount of glucose generated by the liver is reduced by biguanides which primarily lowers blood glucose levels. The muscle tissue is made more responsive to insulin so glucose can be absorbed. It also helps to lower blood sugar levels. The dosage is usually two times a day. Diarrhea can be a side effect of metformin, but when the drug is taken with food this can be controlled.

Beta cells of pancreas get aroused by Sulfonylureas and release insulin. The only first-generation sulfonylurea still in practice is Chlorpropamide. Second generation sulfonylureas are used in smaller doses than first-generation drugs. The second-generation drugs are of three types: glyburide, glipizide, and glimepiride. These drugs are usually taken one to two times a day, before meals. All sulfonylurea drugs have same effect on the blood glucose levels. The side effects depend on how often they are taken and their interaction with other drugs.

Thiazolidinediones is a group of drugs formed by troglitazone, rosiglitazone, and pioglitazone (ACTOS). These drugs improve the efficiency of insulin in muscles and fat. The drug also limits the production of glucose in the liver. The dosage is usually once or twice a day with food. Thiazolidinediones are effective in lowering blood glucose levels; however they do affect the liver in rare cases. You need to monitor your liver function regularly if you are on these drugs.

Acarbose and meglitol are alpha-glucosidase inhibitors. These drugs block or slow down the breakdown of starches in the intestine thus lowering the blood glucose levels. The breakdown of some sugars like table sugar is also slowed down by these drugs. They are particularly effective in limiting the rise in blood glucose levels after meals. Diarrhea and Gas are possible side effects of these drugs.

The drugs listed above take action in different ways to lower blood glucose levels. They can be taken together and in combinations. It is relatively expensive to take more than one drug; however, oral medications definitely improve blood glucose control.

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lilly type 2 diabetes medications

The European Commission has approved Byetta® (exenatide) for treatment of Type 2 diabetes. This drug is a new class of anti-diabetic drug known as incretin mimetics. The European Commission has permitted marketing and sale of Byetta (exenatide). To improve the blood sugar control in patients with type 2 diabetes the European Union has authorized exenatide as adjunctive therapy. This is for patients who have not accomplished adequate glycaemic control on maximally tolerated doses of two common oral medications viz. metformin and/or a sulfonylurea. Exenatide is the first in its class of medicines.

Patients have long-term blood sugar control with the help of exenatide. This was revealed in the clinical trials conducted by the company. The drug lowers both fasting and postprandial glucose levels (peak levels after meals). To gauge blood glucose management health care providers often use of haemoglobin A1c. The haemoglobin A1c measures a person’s average glucose level over a period of three months. Most patients also benefit from the resultant weight loss when this drug is used.

Studies undertaken compared exenatide to insulin, it was revealed that exenatide controls blood sugar as effectively as insulin, often used in patients who do not respond to oral agents. Patients who were treated with exenatide lost weight whereas treatment with insulin was linked to weight gain. By the use of one or more oral medications if the patients are unable to control their blood sugar then they can have exenatide as an option.

There is a rapid increase in the prevalence of diabetes and as such the need for innovative new treatments is grave. Exenatide is one of the new treatment options for the management of type 2 diabetes which has the approval of health care professionals and patients in all European countries. Exenatide is formulated for self-administration as a fixed dose; subcutaneous injection is given preceding morning and evening meals, or two main meals of the day. Mild to moderate nausea that was dose dependent was reported in clinical trials as a most common adverse event. In most patients the occurrence and the sternness of nausea diminished over time with continued therapy. The self-regulation action of exenatide is consistent and it motivates the discharge of insulin as and when needed. This reduces the likelihood of hypoglycaemia (low blood sugar) significantly.

In our battle with diabetes, incretin mimetics represent a new class of medicines. Incretins are naturally occurring human hormones. The work of an incretin mimetic is to mimic the anti-diabetic or glucose-lowering action of incretins. These actions include encouraging the body’s capacity to produce insulin in reaction to raising levels of blood sugar. This restrains the release of a hormone called glucagon following meals. This also slows the rate at which nutrients are absorbed into the blood stream. The first FDA- approved incretin mimetic is exenatide

Lilly is the industry leader in pioneering therapies since 1923. The life of people with diabetes has been considerably improved by dedicated professionals from Lilly.

Lilly continues its research on innovative medications in order to address the needs of patients. Lilly has a long- standing reputation of diabetes care. Thanks to Lilly diabetics are living healthier, fuller and longer lives.

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Did you know that flavored carbonated water has no calories, sugar, body, sweetener, color or preservatives?

The taste is fantastic, extremely refreshing and gives diabetics a great drink without any carbohydrates. A large
and affordable assortment of flavored carbonated water concentrate is available for free delivery world wide from
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2 diabetes medication new type

The list of type 2 diabetes medications has developed over the past decade. This has helped people to achieve better sugar control. Although looking at the side effects of the drug plus taking several pills daily can be discouraging. There are two troubles with diabetes. One is that your body does not formulate enough insulin. The other is that whatever insulin your body generates your organs reject it.

If your principal objective is to lower the high blood sugar then the diabetic drugs of today do their job, but only to a certain degree. As the pancreas deteriorates, the patients call for more and more drugs over time. Hence, the advances in treatment have changed the scenario. People with type 2 diabetes have been awarded with a mounting list of new types of medications.

The complex new drugs are as under:

Byetta is a drug which is to be taken by an injection but it is not insulin. Its function is to attack high blood sugar from various angles, it also suppresses appetite.

Januvia is another novel drug which controls blood glucose. This drug works with natural enzymes, gut hormones and insulin produced in your body.

The FDA has recommended several two-drug combination pills which help people to reduce the number of pills they take every day.

Metformin is a well-known drug which is now available in an extended-release form. The dosage is once or twice-a-day. This does not cause any worrisome intestinal side effects. Metformin is considered as the workhorse drug of the oral diabetes drug group for a long time now. The main function of Metformin is to check the liver from releasing too much sugar. It does not cause weight gain. Besides, for patients its generic version is less expensive. Doctors usually prescribe Metformin to their patients keeping in view all the above reasons. Metformin in its standard can cause side effects such as bloating, diarrhea and gas. This is taken care of by the extended-release form of Metformin. This drug is also better tolerated.

Drugs like Sulfonylureas, Amaryl, and Glucophage stimulate the pancreas to make more insulin. Fats and muscle cells are sensitized by Thiazolidinediones (TZDs) like Actos and Avandia. They make body’s natural insulin more receptive and thereby prevail over insulin resistance.

The current list of FDA-approved combination drugs include

Avandaryl (glimepiride, a sulfonylurea and rosiglitazone, a TZD)

Metaglic (metformin and glipizide, a sulfonylurea)

Avandamet (metformin and rosiglitazone, a TZD)

Glucovance (metformin and glyburide, a sulfonylurea)

The combination drugs are convenient for patients as the individual components are effective drugs and by putting them together you get a stable outcome. For people who are on verge or moderate diabetes combination drugs are a boon. Patients find it easier to remember to take these. Further it also works out to be cost-effective as the patients get two medications for the price of one. However, the two-in-one drugs have a negative aspect. That is if there are side effects with one drug, it is not convenient to change the dosage. The patient will have to renounce the drug altogether. Further, for people with advanced diabetes these combination drugs are not suitable. The reason being their glucose is more difficult to control. They are also unable to endure the side effects.

There are pros and cons of all new type 2 diabetes medications. The side effects of these drugs are not always difficult to manage. However, if you want to get the best results from new types of type 2 diabetes medications you must stick to a healthy lifestyle.

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